Alphabetical Plant Listing

Rhus copallinum (Winged Sumac)

Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Mountain Sumac, Dwarf Sumac, Wing-rib Sumac, Black Sumac, Upland Sumac, Rhus copallina


Ornamental with its shiny foliage and showy fruit, Rhus copallinum (Winged Sumac) is a colony-forming, deciduous shrub or small tree of large, open and spreading habit. Native to the eastern U.S., Winged Sumac is dioecious with separate male and female plants. Showy feathery panicles of tiny pale yellow flowers, 4-8 in. across (10-20 cm), appear in mid to late summer. The pollinated female flowers are followed by conspicuous clusters of hairy, red berries in early fall which persist throughout the winter. They provide food for birds and small mammals when other foods are scarce or unavailable. The lush foliage of shiny, dark-green, pinnately compound leaves (9-21 leaflets) turns vibrant orange to fiery red in fall. Fast-growing, easy to grow, usually pest and disease resistant, drought tolerant, Rhus copallinum is great for erosion control because of its strong root development. It is useful for massing and naturalizing in dry spots and excellent for wildlife.

  • Typically grows up to 7-15 ft. tall (210-450 cm) and 10-20 ft. wide (300-600 cm). Fast growing, it spreads by root suckers to form large colonies.
  • A full sun to part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in average, dry to moist, well-drained soils. Best fall color when planted in full sun. Extremely adaptable to varied soils, it tolerates dry, rocky, and poor soils. Drought and salt tolerant once established.
  • Great for stabilizing embankments, native plant gardens or naturalized areas.
  • Generally pest and disease free. Keep an eye out for leaf spot, rust, scale, aphids and mites.
  • Propagate by scarified seeds, semi-hardwood cuttings taken in summer through fall.
  • Native to the eastern United States.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 4 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Rhus - Sumacs
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 7' – 15' (210cm – 4.5m)
Spread 10' – 20' (3m – 6m)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low, Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Rabbit, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil, Salt
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Wendy Cutler, Sonnia Hill, Melissa McMaster, Doug McGrady (Flickr), Nancy J. Ondra (Shutterstock)

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 4 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Rhus - Sumacs
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 7' – 15' (210cm – 4.5m)
Spread 10' – 20' (3m – 6m)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low, Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Rabbit, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil, Salt
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Rhus - Sumacs

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