Alphabetical Plant Listing

Stewartia ovata (Mountain Camellia)

Mountain Camellia, Mountain Stewartia, Malachodendron pentagynum, Stewartia pentagyna


Stewartia ovata (Mountain Camellia) is a large deciduous shrub or small tree with strongly ascending branches and a dense foliage of ovate, dark green leaves, 5-6 in. long (12-15 cm). Large saucer-shaped white flowers, 3 in. wide (8 cm), adorned with showy purple stamens and orange anthers appear in mid summer. Resembling camellias, they give way to small, woody, egg-shaped capsules containing lustrous brown seeds. The foliage turns brilliant shades of orange-scarlet in the fall. The shedding of leaves exposes the mottled and exfoliating cinnamon-colored bark, adding winter interest. Slow-growing, Mountain Camellia has a name for being difficult in cultivation. It makes, however, an excellent accent or specimen plant.

  • Typically grows up to 10-15 ft. tall and wide (300-450 cm)
  • Thrives in moist, humus-rich, acidic, well-drained soil in partial shade. Tolerates full sun but appreciates some afternoon shade in hot summer climates. Mountain Camellia is sensitive to drought.
  • Great for shrub borders, native plant gardens, cottage gardens or woodland gardens.
  • Virtually pest and disease free. Leaf scorch may occur in full sun exposure in hot summer climates.
  • Propagate by seed or by stem cuttings.
  • No routine pruning necessary. Remove diseased, damaged, congested or crossing shoots.
  • Native to the southeastern United States.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid)
Fall
Height 10' – 15' (3m – 4.5m)
Spread 10' – 15' (3m – 4.5m)
Spacing 120" – 180" (300cm – 450cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Plant Image Library, Flickr, Melinda Fawver, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid)
Fall
Height 10' – 15' (3m – 4.5m)
Spread 10' – 15' (3m – 4.5m)
Spacing 120" – 180" (300cm – 450cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Stewartia ovata (Mountain Camellia)

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