Alphabetical Plant Listing


How to Identify, Prevent, and Treat Anthracnose

What is Anthracnose?

Anthracnose is a term used to describe a group of fungal diseases that affect a wide range of plants, including trees, shrubs, and crops.

The anthracnose symptoms include discoloration and wilting of leaves, necrotic lesions on stems and fruit, and the death of young twigs and shoots. The disease can be spread by water or wind.

The severity of the disease can vary depending on the type of plant, the environment, and the species of fungus involved. To control anthracnose, it is important to maintain healthy plants through proper cultural practices, such as providing adequate water, avoiding overcrowding, and removing infected plant parts. In some cases, fungicides may be necessary to control the spread of the disease.

What Plants are Affected by Anthracnose?

Anthracnose is a plant disease caused by several different fungal species, including Colletotrichum, Discula, and Apiognomonia. This disease can affect a wide range of plants, including:

  1. Trees: maple, oak, dogwood, ash, and sycamore trees are particularly susceptible to anthracnose.

  2. Shrubs: hydrangea, dogwood, and viburnum shrubs can also be affected by anthracnose.

  3. Fruit Trees: stone fruits such as peaches and cherries, as well as strawberries, are often affected by anthracnose.

  4. Vegetables: vegetables such as cucumbers, tomatoes, and peppers can be affected by anthracnose.

  5. Ornamental Plants: many ornamental plants, such as impatiens, begonias, and hibiscus, are susceptible to anthracnose.

This list is not exhaustive, as anthracnose can affect many different plant species.

How to Identify Anthracnose?

Anthracnose can be identified by several distinct symptoms in infected plants, including:

  1. Leaf spots: Irregularly shaped, dark brown or black spots on leaves are one of the most common symptoms of anthracnose. These spots may also appear on stems and fruits.

  2. Wilting: Infected plants may develop wilting or dieback of branches, leaves, or entire plants.

  3. Blighting: In severe cases, anthracnose can cause young shoots and flowers to wilt and die suddenly.

  4. Discoloration: Leaves may turn yellow or brown, and the affected areas may be surrounded by a yellow halo.

  5. Defoliation: Advanced stages of the disease can cause leaves to drop prematurely, leading to defoliation.

How to Prevent Anthracnose?

To prevent anthracnose, it's important to follow these steps:

  1. Proper plant selection: Choose disease-resistant varieties when planting.

  2. Good hygiene: Keep the garden clean and free of debris. Rake up fallen leaves, fruit, and other debris to reduce the risk of infection.

  3. Water management: Water the plants at the roots and avoid overhead watering, which can increase the spread of the disease.

  4. Proper spacing: Ensure that plants have adequate space for air to circulate, reducing the risk of disease.

  5. Crop rotation: Rotating crops can help reduce the risk of reinfection by breaking the cycle of disease.

  6. Monitoring: Regularly inspect plants for signs of anthracnose and take action if necessary.

How to Treat Anthracnose?

Treatment of anthracnose depends on the severity of the infection and the type of plant affected. Here are some steps you can follow to treat anthracnose:

  1. Pruning: Regularly prune dead or infected plant parts to reduce the risk of further infection.

  2. Fungicide application: If necessary, use fungicides specifically labeled for anthracnose control. Be sure to follow the instructions carefully and apply the fungicide at the correct time.


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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.

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