Viburnum is a genus of about 150-175 species of shrubs and small trees in the moschatel family, Adoxaceae. They are native to most of the Northern Hemisphere, with a few species extending into montane rain forests in South America and Southeast Asia.
Size: The growth habits of Viburnum are as diverse as their species, ranging from compact shrubs to towering trees. Generally, they grow between 2 and 20 feet tall (0.6-6 meters), though some tree-like species can reach up to 30 feet (9 meters). They often have a rounded to vase-shaped habit, with dense, branching foliage.
Flowers: Viburnum is cherished for its often fragrant flowers, which bloom in round or flat-topped clusters, typically white but occasionally pink. Flowering usually occurs in spring, although some species bloom in the summer or have a second flush of flowers in the autumn.
Hardiness: Viburnums are typically hardy in USDA zones 2-10, varying depending on the species. They thrive in full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil.
Wildlife: Many species produce berries attractive to birds and other wildlife. The flowers are also an essential source of nectar for pollinators.
Uses: Uses for Viburnum are versatile: they are excellent in hedges, screens, or as stand-alone specimen plants. Their flowers, attractive foliage, and sometimes brilliant fall color provide multi-season interest. Some species also feature textured, attractive bark that adds winter interest.
A key fact about Viburnum is its adaptability – there is a Viburnum suitable for almost any garden setting, making it a popular choice for gardeners and landscapers alike.