Alphabetical Plant Listing

Calendula: Plant Care and Growing Guide (Pot Marigold)

Pot Marigold, English Marigold, Poet's Marigold, Common Marigold, Scotch Marigold, Calendula officinalis


Among the easiest and most versatile flowers to grow in the garden, Calendula (Pot Marigold) is a showy hardy annual with aromatic foliage and a profusion of pretty daisy-like flowers over a long season. Prized by gardeners, it has also been used for many centuries for a range of culinary and medicinal purposes. Calendula offers so many benefits that every garden should have Calendula in it.

All you need to know about Calendula

  • Along with asters, daisies, and sunflowers, Calendula belongs to the Asteraceae family and includes about 20 species of bushy annuals and herbaceous perennials that are native to southwestern Asia, western Europe, and the Mediterranean.
     
  • Calendula officinalis is the most commonly cultivated species. This hardy annual plant has many common names including Poet's Marigold for the many poems written about it; Pot Marigold, which may be a reference to its ease of cultivation in pots; or Mary's Gold for its resemblance to the rays of light that radiate from the Virgin Mother's head.
     
  • Despite these common names, Calendula is not a true Marigold. While Calendula shares many similarities to true Marigolds (genus Tagetes), they are two very different plants and should not be substituted for each other
     
  • Calendula is a cool-season hardy annual that blooms from late fall through spring in mild winter areas, from spring to fall in colder climates. It relishes cooler temperatures and often sulks when summer sets in, especially in hot-weather areas. While blooming may decrease in the summer heat, it resumes once temperatures cool down.
     
  • Calendula flowers are daisy-like, about 3-4 in. wide (7-10 cm), and range in color from creamy white to dazzling orange, vibrant yellow, or more subtle shades of apricot, soft yellow, sometimes with contrasting tips. They may be single or double, with light or dark centers, and rise above the aromatic foliage of lance-shaped, green leaves.
     
  • Calendula usually grows up to 12-24 in. tall (30-60 cm) and rarely beyond 24 in.
     
  • Calendulas are unfussy plants. They thrive in most ordinary, well-drained garden soil in full sun. Some afternoon shade is welcomed in hot summer areas.

Guide Information

Hardiness 2 - 11
Plant Type Annuals
Plant Family Calendula - Pot Marigold
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit
Attracts Butterflies
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders, Edging, Ground Covers, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage
Compare All Calendula - Pot Marigold Guides with Calendula - Pot Marigold

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.

Guide Information

Hardiness 2 - 11
Plant Type Annuals
Plant Family Calendula - Pot Marigold
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit
Attracts Butterflies
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders, Edging, Ground Covers, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage
Compare All Calendula - Pot Marigold Guides with Calendula - Pot Marigold

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