Alphabetical Plant Listing

Borago officinalis (Borage)

Borage, Cool Tankard, Talewort, Tailwort


One of the easiest and most enjoyable annuals for a sunny border! Native to the Mediterranean region, Borago officinalis (Borage) is a spreading annual that will reward you with abundant, open racemes of beautiful, slightly nodding, star-shaped, bright blue flowers from early summer to early fall. They rise atop stems clad with wrinkled, gray-green, fuzzy leaves that you can harvest for use in salads and cold drinks! The beautiful flowers are also edible with a fresh cucumber flavor. Low care and fairly pest and disease-free, Borage provides prodigious amounts of pollen and nectar which attract pollinating bees.

  • Generally growing 1-3 ft. tall (30-90 cm) and spreading 9-24 in. (22-60 cm), Borage thrives in average, dry to medium soils in full sun to light shade. Poor soils and drought tolerant!
  • Freely self-seeding, this beautiful annual will remain in the garden year after year. However, excess plants are fairly easy to remove from the garden.
  • A welcomed addition to beds, borders, wild gardens, herb gardens, cottage gardens.
  • A magnet for hummingbirds, butterflies and beneficial insects, it is deer and rabbit resistant!
  • Harvesting or deadheading will keep your Borage in bloom longer.

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Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 11
Heat Zones 1 – 11
Climate Zones 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A2, A3, H1
Plant Type Annuals, Herbs
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spread 9" – 2' (22cm – 60cm)
Spacing 12" – 24" (30cm – 60cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage

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Pictures are courtesy of Botanik Foto

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 11
Heat Zones 1 – 11
Climate Zones 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A2, A3, H1
Plant Type Annuals, Herbs
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spread 9" – 2' (22cm – 60cm)
Spacing 12" – 24" (30cm – 60cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage

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