Alphabetical Plant Listing

Types of Bird of Paradise Plants

Strelitzia reginae, Strelitzia nicolai, Streliztia alba, Strelitzia juncea, Strelitzia caudata, Caesalpinia pulcherrima, Caesalpinia mexicana, Caesalpinia gilliesii

Bird of Paradise is a common name applied to two entirely different plant genera: Strelitzia and Caesalpinia. Both genera bear unique and exotic flowers.


  • Strelitzia is a member of the Strelitziaceae family and includes five species native to the subtropical coastal areas of southern Africa: Strelitzia alba (White Bird of Paradise), Strelitzia caudata (Mountain Strelitzia), Strelitzia nicolai (Giant Bird of Paradise), Strelitzia reginae (Bird of Paradise) and Strelitzia juncea (Narrow-Leafed Bird of Paradise).
  • Three strelitzia species (reginae, juncea, and nicolai) are widely used to create a dramatic impact in the garden.
  • Two species (reginae and nicolai) are frequently treated as houseplants.
  • They make a beautiful accent or specimen plant look great in massed plantings and can also be grown in containers, bringing color and drama to patios and decks.
  • The flowers of Strelitzia reginae are a staple for florists in creating exotic bouquets, not only for their looks but also because they are long-lasting. 


While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.

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