Alphabetical Plant Listing

Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Red Bird of Paradise)

Red Bird of Paradise, Barbados Pride, Barbados Flower Fence, Dwarf Poinciana, Flamboyant Tree, Paradise Flower, Peacock Flower, Spanish Carnation


Fast-growing, Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Red Bird of Paradise) is an upright evergreen thorny shrub or small tree boasting showy clusters of up to 40 brilliant gold-to-orange flowers from spring to fall (year-round in tropical climates). Borne at the branch tips, the bowl-shaped flowers, 2 in. across (5 cm), feature long red stamens that create an exotic look. Attractive to hummingbirds, they give way to flat seed pods, up to 4 in. long (10 cm), containing dark brown to black seeds. These pods dry and split open, releasing the dark brown seeds, sometimes explosively. The foliage of feathery green leaves is evergreen in frost free climates. Red Bird of Paradise is a fine choice for xeriscaping and makes a wonderful large accent shrub. It has sharp thorns along its stems and forms an effective thorny barrier.

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society.
  • Grows up to 10-20 ft. tall (3-6 m) and 6-12 ft. wide (2-4 m).
  • Performs best in full sun in moist, well-drained soils. In hot climates it is tolerant of dry areas where it can be grown out of doors, providing a dense thorny barrier. Established plants have good drought tolerance.
  • A charming addition to beds and borders, wall-side borders, hedges, city gardens, Mediterranean gardens, or containers. Excellent cut flowers.
  • Prune to shape as needed.
  • Generally trouble-free, but keep an eye out for glasshouse red spider mite, glasshouse whitefly and mealybugs.
  • Propagate by seed or softwood cuttings.
  • Native to tropical America.

Buy Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Red Bird of Paradise)

Requirements

Hardiness 9 – 11
Heat Zones 9 – 11
Climate Zones 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, H1, H2
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 10' – 20' (3m – 6m)
Spread 6' – 12' (180cm – 3.6m)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Hedges and Screens, Patio and Containers, Wall-Side Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Mediterranean Garden

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Peter Maerky, Valentina De Menego, Shutterstock, (c) Gerhard Bock, SucculentsandMore.com

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 9 – 11
Heat Zones 9 – 11
Climate Zones 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, H1, H2
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 10' – 20' (3m – 6m)
Spread 6' – 12' (180cm – 3.6m)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Hedges and Screens, Patio and Containers, Wall-Side Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Mediterranean Garden

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