The most popular companion of the tulip, daffodils are spring flowering bulbs mostly known as yellow trumpet-shaped flowers. However, daffodils (Narcissus) offer a wider range of flower shapes and colors that are absolutely fabulous when combined with other spring bulbs.
- Planted in the fall, they produce white, cream, pink, orange or red flowers year after year, that will bloom from late March to early May, depending on the weather conditions and cultivars.
- Hardy, they do very well within hardiness zones 3 to 9.
- Their planting depth is generally 2 or 3 times the size of the bulb and they will thrive in moist soil and full sun.
- After blooming, do not remove their leaves for about 6 weeks to allow the bulb to absorb nutrients and grow for the following year.
There are so many types of daffodils that they are classified into 12 groups, mostly reflecting the number or size of the flowers per stem or the shape of the petals.
Trumpet Daffodils (Division 1)
These daffodils have one single flower per stem and their trumpet is as long or even longer than the length of their petals.
Large-cupped Daffodils (Division 2)
Large-cup daffodils present one single flower per stem with a cup (trumpet) that is more than one-third but less than equal to the length of the petals.
Small-cupped Daffodils (Division 3)
Small-cup daffodils have one single flower per stem with a cup that is no more than one-third the length of the petals.
Narcissus 'Barrett Browning'
Double Daffodils (Division 4)
Double daffodils present one or more flowers per stem with fully double flowers, a double corona or both.
Triandus Daffodils (Division 5)
This group of daffodils has one or more nodding flowers per stem with slightly reflexed petals.
Cyclamineus Daffodils (Division 6)
They have a single nodding flower per stem with accentuated reflexed petals
Jonquilla Daffodils (Division 7)
This group has one to five flowers per stem and their petals are slightly reflexed or spreading. As a bonus, they are fragrant.
|Narcissus 'Sailboat'||Narcissus 'Pipit'||Narcissus 'Bell Song'|
Tazetta Daffodils (Division 8)
These scented daffodils have 3 to 20 small flowers on each stem and their petals are not reflexed.
|Narcissus 'Cragford'||Narcissus 'Geranium'||Narcissus 'Paperwhite'|
Poeticus Daffodils (Division 9)
This group includes daffodils with one single fragrant flower per stem, pure white petals and a short trumpet.
|Narcissus 'Actaea'||Narcissus Recurvus||Narcissus Recurvus|
Bulbocodium Daffodils (Division 10)
These daffodils generally have one single but very large flower per stem.
Split Corona Daffodils (Division 11)
Named after their split trumpet, these daffodils could be further classified as "Collar" if their petals are arranged in 2 rings of 3 or as "Papillon" if the petals are displayed in 1 ring of 6.
|Narcissus 'Valdrome'||Narcissus 'Dolly Mollinger'||Narcissus 'Orangery'|
Miscellaneous Daffodils (Division 12)
This group includes all other cultivars not fitting any of the above groups