Alphabetical Plant Listing

Butea monosperma (Flame of the Forest)

Bastard Teak, Dhak, Flame of the Forest, Muduga Oil, Palas


Noted for its magnificent floral display, Butea monosperma (Flame of the Forest) is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree with a rounded canopy of leathery, dark green, compound trifoliate leaves, 10-18 in. long (25-45 cm). From late winter to early spring, it is covered with a profusion of brilliant red-orange flowers, up to 2 in. long (5 cm). Borne in large clusters near the tips of the branches, the blossoms give way to flat single-seeded pods, 4 in. long (10 cm), that mature to bronze-brown. Worshipped as sacred by the Hindus, it is widely cultivated in southern Asia. Prized for its profusion of bright flowers, it is also grown as an ornamental elsewhere. Slow-growing, Butea monosperma makes a striking specimen tree.

  • Grows up to 30-40 ft. tall and wide (9-12 m).
  • Easily grown in deep, fertile, organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun or part shade. Best with consistent moisture except in winter. Protect from strong winds.
  • Great as a specimen plant in Mediterranean gardens.
  • Virtually disease free and pest free.
  • Propagate by seed (germination starts in about 10-12 days and is completed in 4 weeks) or root suckers.
  • Native to India, Burma.

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Requirements

Hardiness 10 – 12
Plant Type Trees
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early)
Winter
Height 30' – 40' (9m – 12m)
Spread 30' – 40' (9m – 12m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Garden Styles Mediterranean Garden

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 10 – 12
Plant Type Trees
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early)
Winter
Height 30' – 40' (9m – 12m)
Spread 30' – 40' (9m – 12m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Garden Styles Mediterranean Garden

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