Alphabetical Plant Listing

Carya ovata (Shagbark Hickory)

Shagbark Hickory, Shell-Bark Hickory, Little Shell-Bark Hickory, Shellbark Hickory, Carolina Hickory, Scalybark Hickory, Upland Hickory, Shellbark Hickory


Carya ovata (Shagbark Hickory) is a tall deciduous tree of broadly conical habit with an irregular, oval-rounded crown and a stunning straight gray trunk that peels in large, shaggy strips. The ascending and descending branches are clothed in dark olive-green leaves, each leaf having 5 pointed leaflets, 3 to 7 in. long (7-17cm). They turn rich yellow and golden brown in the fall. Insconpicuous greenish yellow flowers appear in spring, the male flowers in pendulous catkins and the female flowers in short spikes. The female flowers are followed by sweet, edible nuts. A tall ornamental shade tree for large properties.

  • Grows up to 70-80 ft. tall (21-24 m) and 50-70 ft. wide (15-21 m). 
  • A full sun to part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in humusy, rich, moist, well-drained soils.
  • No routine pruning necessary. Remove diseased, damaged, congested or crossing shoots.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Keep an eye out for crown gall, powdery mildews and leaf spot.
  • Propagate by seed sown in situ as soon as ripe; seedlings rapidly develop a deep tap root and resent transplanting.
  • Native from Quebec to Minnesota south to Georgia and Texas.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Carya - Hickories
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 70' – 80' (21m – 24m)
Spread 50' – 70' (15m – 21m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Clay Soil
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

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guentermanaus, Hunter Kauffman, Martin Fowler, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Carya - Hickories
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 70' – 80' (21m – 24m)
Spread 50' – 70' (15m – 21m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Clay Soil
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Carya - Hickories

Guides with Carya - Hickories

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