Alphabetical Plant Listing

Cyclamen persicum (Persian Cyclamen)

Persian Cyclamen, Cyclamen latifolium, Florists' Cyclamen


Cyclamen persicum (Persian Cyclamen) is a tender tuberous perennial boasting delightfully fragrant flowers from fall to late spring. The charming blossoms, 2 in. (5 cm), feature gracefully twisted and reflexed petals. They can be white, pink or deep carmine with a darker pink, magenta or purple mouth. They rise atop leafless stems above the foliage of heart-shaped, dark-green leaves variably patterned in shades of green, gray or silver. Blooming for about 3 months, Persian Cyclamen goes dormant for the entire summer, but as cool fall temperatures arrive, it will start to grow again. Being tender, Persian Cyclamen is grown primarily as a houseplant. Florist's cyclamen are frost-tender hybrids derived from Cyclamen persicum.

  • Grows up to 6-9 inches tall and wide (15-22 cm).
  • Usually grown indoors or under glass where it performs best in organically rich, well-drained soils in bright, filtered light. Maintain moderate humidity and cool temperatures (65°F or 18°C). Avoid draughts and hot dry air. Water moderately during the growing season and apply a liquid fertilizer fortnightly. Cyclamen should be watered thoroughly when the soil looks and feels dry on the surface. But avoid watering the crown or center of the plant, which may rot if it remains too wet. Reduce water after flowering and keep dry when dormant.
  • Keep an eye out for vine weevils, cyclamen grey mould and black root rot.
  • Propagate by seed, sown in darkness as soon as ripe. Can be beneficial to soak seed for 10 hours prior to sowing. The tuber is often planted with the top above the compost to avoid rotting of the leaves and flowers.
  • Native to Algeria, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon,Syria, Tunisia, Turkey.

Cyclamen are low-growing tuberous perennials with delicate, winged 'butterfly' flowers in shades of pink to white, and dark green leaves that are beautifully shaped like ivy and marked with a lovely silver. Some species flower early in the year, while others wait until late summer, sending up successive waves of attractive blooms into early fall. Easy to grow, there are about 20 species of cyclamen and most all of them are native to the Mediterranean.

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Requirements

Hardiness 9 – 11
Heat Zones 1 – 6
Climate Zones 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Cyclamen
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 6" – 9" (15cm – 22cm)
Spread 6" – 9" (15cm – 22cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Garden Uses Patio and Containers

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Great Plant Combination Ideas with Cyclamen

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By Mykola Ivashchenko, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 9 – 11
Heat Zones 1 – 6
Climate Zones 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Cyclamen
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 6" – 9" (15cm – 22cm)
Spread 6" – 9" (15cm – 22cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Garden Uses Patio and Containers

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Cyclamen

Guides with Cyclamen

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