Alphabetical Plant Listing

Dalea candida (White Prairie Clover)

White Prairie Clover, Petalostemon candidum


Dalea candida (White Prairie Clover) is an attractive perennial boasting dense, compact cylindrical spikes of white flowers atop upright slender stems from late spring to early fall. The first flowers to open are at the bottom of the spike and proceed upward as the season progresses. This graceful perennial is a favorite among pollinators, including bees and butterflies. Birds feast on the seeds once the floral display ends. The charming blossoms hover above the fine-textured foliage of compound, odd-pinnate leaves adorned with 5-7 narrow leaflets. White Prairie Clover originates from a sturdy taproot that supplies fertility to the soil through nitrogen-fixing bacteria. It is an excellent range species that is valued for its high protein content. It is used for re-vegetation and prairie restoration and produces excellent forage for livestock and wildlife. Drought tolerant, White Prairie Clover is common in dry prairies and rocky upland woods. It is perfect for rock gardens, borders, native plant gardens, wild gardens, prairie or naturalized areas.

  • Grows up to 12-24 in. tall (30-60 cm) and 10-18 in. wide (25-45 cm). May self-seed where happy, but does not spread aggressively.
  • Thrives in full sun in sandy, gravelly, mesic to dry, well-drained soils. Drought tolerant once established.
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Propagate by seed.
  • Native to central North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 10" – 2' (25cm – 60cm)
Spacing 10" – 18" (25cm – 45cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, New Hampshire, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Tennessee, Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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NMSU IPM, USDA NRCS Montana, Flickr

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 10" – 2' (25cm – 60cm)
Spacing 10" – 18" (25cm – 45cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, New Hampshire, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Tennessee, Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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