Alphabetical Plant Listing

Gladiolus communis subsp. byzantinus (Byzantine Gladiolus)

Gladiolus byzantinus, Gladiolus Nanus 'Byzantinus', Byzantine Gladiolus


Native to the Mediterranean area, Gladiolus communis subsp. byzantinus (Byzantine Gladiolus) is a bulbous perennial that features narrow sword-shaped leaves in a fan of 3-5 erect flowering spikes, each bearing up to 15 bold, magenta funnel-shaped flowers, 2" wide (5cm).

  • Blooming in late spring to early summer, this eye-catching beauty grows up to 2-3 ft. tall (60-90 cm) and gradually spreads to form large clumps.
  • Puts a terrific show in beds and borders when mixed with other perennials or ornamental grasses. Great for cutting too!
  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society (1993), it is resilient to disease.
  • Plant in a sheltered location to protect your Gladioli from strong winds.
  • Best flowering occurs in full sun in organically rich, medium moisture, well-drained soils. Light shade is tolerated. This plant will naturalize and multiply with great enthusiasm in favorable growing conditions.
  • Provide consistent moisture during the growing season and do not allow the soil to dry out. After flowering, you may reduce watering.
  • To be planted in fall. In cold areas, provide a thick, protective winter mulch

Learn How To Plant, Care and Grow Impressive Gladiolus

Prized for their majestic flower spikes, Gladiolus (Sword-Lilies) deserve a spot in the garden. Easy to grow, they will burst into bloom and add bright notes of summer color to your beds and borders, pots or in wonderful bouquets inside your home. However, some basic rules need to be followed to enjoy their impressive flowers all summer long.Read More

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Requirements

Hardiness 6 – 10
Heat Zones 8 – 10
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Gladiolus - Sword Lilies
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 4" – 6" (10cm – 15cm)
Spacing 6" (15cm)
Depth 6" (15cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Plant of Merit, Showy
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden

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Great Plant Combination Ideas with Gladiolus - Sword Lilies

Guides with Gladiolus - Sword Lilies


©Clive Nichols

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 6 – 10
Heat Zones 8 – 10
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Gladiolus - Sword Lilies
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 4" – 6" (10cm – 15cm)
Spacing 6" (15cm)
Depth 6" (15cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Plant of Merit, Showy
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Gladiolus - Sword Lilies

Guides with Gladiolus - Sword Lilies

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