Alphabetical Plant Listing

Lupinus texensis (Texas Bluebonnet)

Texas Bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas Lupine, Buffalo Clover, Wolf Flower


Native to Texas, Lupinus texensis (Texas Bluebonnet) is a low-growing annual boasting elongated clusters packed with up to 50 fragrant pea-like flowers, deep bright blue at the bottom and conspicuously white on the top. Blooming in early to late spring (or later depending on spring temperatures), they are borne on upright stems, well above the foliage of oblong palmate light-green compound leaves. The vibrant blossoms provide nectar for bees and attracts butterflies. Texas Bluebonnet is a winter-hardy annual and this iconic wildflower forms attractive rosettes in winter. Texas Bluebonnet is a common sight along roadsides and fields, blanketing them in a sea of azure blue in spring. Beautiful in large drifts or grown in well-drained containers, Texas Bluebonnet is increasingly cultivated in sunny gardens. It is frequently inter-planted with summer- or fall-flowering plants that emerge as the Bluebonnets are setting seed and senescing. Lupinus texensis is one of five Bluebonnets recognized as the Texas State Flower. It is the easiest of the species to cultivate.

  • Grows up to 12-18 in. tall and wide (30-45 cm).
  • Thrives in full sun in well-drained soils. The plant requires minimal water. It is drought tolerant and will survive during long dry spells. It will rot if well-watered. No fertilization needed. Plants doing poorly sometimes respond to additional rhizobium applications.
  • An excellent choice for flower borders, cottage gardens, prairies and meadows.
  • Propagate by sowing seed or planting seedlings in fall. Scarification will hasten germination.
  • Plants, especially the seeds, can be toxic to humans and animals if ingested.
  • Native to Texas.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Plant Type Annuals
Plant Family Lupinus - Lupines
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 12" – 18" (30cm – 45cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Florida, Louisiana, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Plant Type Annuals
Plant Family Lupinus - Lupines
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 12" – 18" (30cm – 45cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Florida, Louisiana, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Lupinus - Lupines

Guides with Lupinus - Lupines

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