Alphabetical Plant Listing

Picea sitchensis (Sitka Spruce)

Sitka Spruce, Tideland Spruce, Coast Spruce, Menzies Spruce


The largest of all spruces, Picea sitchensis (Sitka Spruce) is a very vigorous evergreen conifer with a buttressed base and an open, broadly conical crown. Its horizontal branches hold short, flat, prickly needles that are shiny dark green above, powder blue beneath. Smooth and thin on young trees, the gray bark becomes dark purplish-brown with scaly plates with age. Attached by short stalks, the cylindrical seed cones, 2-4 in. long (5 -10 cm), are green or reddish in color when young, ripening pale buff to light orange-brown. Sitka Spruce is among the world’s fastest growing trees. It is more tolerant to wind and salt spray than associated tree species. Excellent choice for an exposed site or one with poor soils.

  • Grows up to 50-160 ft. tall (15-48 m) and 20-30 ft. wide (6-9 m).
  • Performs best in full sun in moist, well-drained soils.
  • No pruning required.
  • Native from cool, foggy areas from Alaska to California.

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Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 8
Heat Zones 7 – 8
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, 17, A2, A3
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Picea - Spruces
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 50' – 160' (15m – 48m)
Spread 20' – 30' (6m – 9m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Alaska, California, Pacific Northwest, Oregon, Washington
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

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Kamrad71, M. Cornelius, Robert Mutch, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 8
Heat Zones 7 – 8
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, 17, A2, A3
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Picea - Spruces
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 50' – 160' (15m – 48m)
Spread 20' – 30' (6m – 9m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Alaska, California, Pacific Northwest, Oregon, Washington
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Picea - Spruces

Guides with Picea - Spruces

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