Alphabetical Plant Listing

Polygonatum multiflorum (Common Solomon's Seal)

Common Solomon’s-seal, David’s-Harp, Ladder-to-Heaven, Eurasian Solomon’s Seal, Lady's Seal, Lady's Signet, Lily of the Mountain, Many-Flowered Solomon's Seal, White Root


Unsurpassed in grace, Polygonatum multiflorum (Common Solomon's Seal) is a shade-loving, rhizomatous perennial with slightly arching stems boasting small clusters of 2-6 nodding, tubular creamy-white flowers tipped with green in late spring. Gracefully hanging from the leaf axils, they are followed in fall by attractive blue-black berries. Highly ornamental, the elegant foliage of oval to lance-shaped, mid-green leaves, turns attractive shades of yellow in the fall. Long-lived and carefree, this is a beautiful addition to the woodland garden where it combines nicely with ferns and hostas.

  • Grows up to 2-3 ft. tall (60-90 cm) and spreads 10-12 in. (25-30 cm).
  • Best grown in part shade to full shade in fertile, humus-rich, moist, well-drained soils. Prefers cool sun-dappled shady areas and dislikes hot summer conditions.
  • Perfect for shade gardens and woodland gardens or for banks and slopes. A great companion plant to other shade lovers including hostas, ferns, and astilbes.
  • Virtually pest-free, disease-free and low maintenance but watch for slugs and Solomon's seal sawfly larvae.
  • Propagate by division in the fall.
  • All parts may cause severe discomfort if ingested
  • Native to Europe and temperate Asia.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Polygonatum - Solomon's Seals
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 10" – 1' (25cm – 30cm)
Spacing 12" (30cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage

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Botanik Foto, Eileen Kumpf, Orikhovska Olha, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Polygonatum - Solomon's Seals
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 10" – 1' (25cm – 30cm)
Spacing 12" (30cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Polygonatum - Solomon's Seals

Guides with Polygonatum - Solomon's Seals

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