Alphabetical Plant Listing

Prosopis glandulosa (Honey Mesquite)

Honey Mesquite, Glandular Mesquite, Algarroba


A graceful southwestern native, Prosopis glandulosa (Honey Mesquite) is a shrub or small deciduous tree with a rounded crown and contorted, drooping branches adorned with feathery, bright-green leaves, up to 8 in. long (20 cm). Twice-compound, the leaves have 8-20 pairs of leaflets. The twigs are armed with straight, sharp thorns up to 2 in. long (5 cm), particularly on young plants. In spring and summer, a profusion of brilliant yellow-green, extremely fragrant flowers appear in dense, spike-like racemes. Favored by bees, they are followed by long, flattened brownish pods that ripen in late summer. They are valuable forage for livestock and wildlife. Southwestern Indians prepared meal and cakes from the pods. Highly tolerant of heat, Honey Mesquite is adapted to dry climates thanks to its very deep taproot (up to 100 ft.) to reach underground water. An essential plant for the desert wildlife garden, its gnarled, sculptural trunk and wispy bright green foliage make it a picturesque lawn tree, where it provides a fresh look and creates filtered shade under which almost anything would grow.

  • Grows up to 20-30 ft. tall (6-9 m) and 30 ft. wide (9 m).
  • A full sun lover, this plant is easily grown in well-drained soils. Needs little to no supplemental water once established in desert landscape gardens. Mesquite needs deep watering to become a tree, but tolerates drought thereafter. Plants are drought-tolerant when young but will remain shrubs if not irrigated.
  • Virtually pest and disease free. Deer resistant.
  • Prune rigorously when young to train to a standard form with a single trunk. Otherwise, when mature prune to elevate canopy base and remove occasional suckers and water sprouts.
  • Easily grown from fresh, untreated seed or stored, treated seed. Cuttings from young wood will root. Gather pods as soon as they turn brown. Dry pods and extract their seed. Seeds can be stored in sealed, refrigerated containers for several years.
  • Honey Mesquite is considered a weed along the Rio Grande and in other areas in Texas where it will easily invade adjacent land.
  • Native to the southwestern United States and Mexico.

Buy Prosopis glandulosa (Honey Mesquite)

Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 9
Climate Zones 10, 11, 12, 13, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 20' – 30' (6m – 9m)
Spread 25' – 30' (7.5m – 9m)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Kansas, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Utah, Southeast, Louisiana, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Styles Mediterranean Garden

Buy Plants


Homer Edward Price, Jim Staley, Forest and Kim Starr (Flickr), Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 9
Climate Zones 10, 11, 12, 13, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 20' – 30' (6m – 9m)
Spread 25' – 30' (7.5m – 9m)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Kansas, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Utah, Southeast, Louisiana, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Styles Mediterranean Garden

Plant Calculator

How many Prosopis glandulosa (Honey Mesquite) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Prosopis glandulosa (Honey Mesquite)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.