Alphabetical Plant Listing

Prosopis velutina (Velvet Mesquite)

Velvet Mesquite, Arizona Mesquite, Neltuma velutina, Prosopis articulata, Prosopis chilensis var. velutina, Prosopis juliflora, Prosopis juliflora var. articulata, Prosopis juliflora var. velutina


A handsome southwestern native, Prosopis velutina (Velvet Mesquite) a deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub or small tree, with a spreading crown and crooked branches adorned with feathery, velvety, dark green leaves, up to 5 in. long (12 cm). Twice-compound, the leaves have 12-20 pairs of short, hairy, and closely spaced leaflets. The twigs are armed with stout, yellow thorns, up to 1 in. long (2.5 cm), generally occuring in pairs. In spring and summer, a profusion of cream-colored flowers with long, white stamens appear in dense, spike-like racemes. Velvet Mesquite provides an excellent source of nectar for honey bees and is one of the most valuable honey plants in Arizona. The flowers are followed by long, slender, mottled, brown pods, 8 in. long (20 cm), that ripen in late summer. They contain about 25 percent sugar and are a valuable livestock food. Southwestern Indians prepared meal and cakes from the sweet pods and livestock browse them, disseminating the seeds. The bark on older branches and the trunk is dark brown, rough and thick, shredding in long, narrow strips, while the bark on young stem is green, helping in photosynthesis. Highly tolerant of heat, Velvet Mesquite is adapted to dry climates thanks to its very deep taproot that can reach underground water. An essential plant for the desert wildlife garden, its gnarled, sculptural trunk and wispy bright green foliage make it a picturesque lawn tree, where it provides a fresh look and creates filtered shade under which almost anything would grow.

  • Grows up to 20-30 ft. tall and wide (6-9 m). Adds about 24 in. per year (60 cm).
  • A full sun lover, this plant is easily grown in well-drained soils. Needs little to no supplemental water once established in desert landscape gardens. Drought tolerant once established.
  • Virtually pest and disease free. Keep an eye out for aphids or root rot caused by excessively wet sites.
  • Propagated by seed and air layering.
  • Native to the southwestern United States and Mexico.

Buy Prosopis velutina (Velvet Mesquite)

Requirements

Hardiness 9 – 11
Climate Zones 10, 11, 12, 13, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 20' – 30' (6m – 9m)
Spread 20' – 30' (6m – 9m)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Rain Gardens
Garden Styles Mediterranean Garden

Buy Plants


Pritha_EasyArts, IrinaK, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 9 – 11
Climate Zones 10, 11, 12, 13, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 20' – 30' (6m – 9m)
Spread 20' – 30' (6m – 9m)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Rain Gardens
Garden Styles Mediterranean Garden

Plant Calculator

How many Prosopis velutina (Velvet Mesquite) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Prosopis velutina (Velvet Mesquite)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.