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Salix exigua (Coyote Willow)

Coyote Willow, Narrow-leaf Willow, Narrowleaf Willow, Sandbar Willow, Salix argophylla, Salix columbiana, Salix exigua var. angustissima, Salix exigua var. columbiana, Salix exigua var. hindsiana, Salix exigua var. luteosericea, Salix exigua var. nevadensis, Salix exigua var. parishiana, Salix exigua var. stenophylla, Salix exigua var. virens, Salix fluviatilis var. argophylla, Salix hindsiana, Salix hindsiana var. leucodendroides, Salix hindsiana var. parishiana, Salix hindsiana var. tenuifolia, Salix interior var. angustissima, Salix interior var. luteosericea, Salix linearifolia, Salix longifolia var. argophylla, Salix longifolia var. exigua, Salix longifolia var. opaca, Salix luteosericea, Salix macrostachya var. leucodendroides, Salix malacophylla, Salix nevadensis, Salix parishiana, Salix sessilifolia ssp. hindsiana, Salix sessilifolia var. hindsiana, Salix sessilifolia var. leucodendroides, Salix stenophylla, Salix thurberi

AGM Award
Salix exigua, Coyote Willow, Narrow-leaf Willow, Narrowleaf Willow, Sandbar Willow, Salix argophylla, Salix columbiana,
Salix exigua, Coyote Willow, Narrow-leaf Willow, Narrowleaf Willow, Sandbar Willow, Salix argophylla, Salix columbiana,
Salix exigua, Coyote Willow, Narrow-leaf Willow, Narrowleaf Willow, Sandbar Willow, Salix argophylla, Salix columbiana,
Salix exigua, Coyote Willow, Narrow-leaf Willow, Narrowleaf Willow, Sandbar Willow, Salix argophylla, Salix columbiana,
Salix exigua
salix exigua

Very frost tolerant, Salix exigua (Coyote Willow) is a suckering, deciduous shrub forming a thicket of slender gray-green branches bearing linear, finely toothed, silky, silvery leaves when young, later gray-green. Coyote Willow is dioecious with separate male and female plants. In spring, pale lemon catkins, 3-4 in. long (8-10 cm) are produced with or just after the leaves emerge. They are followed by clusters of capsules containing numerous small seeds dispersed primarily via wind and water. Coyote Willow spreads by seed and by root sprouts. A most useful willow for sunny sites and moist soils, Coyote Willow is excellent for stream stabilization as the plant suckers profusely and forms an extensive root system. It is also suitable for planting on stream bottoms to prevent surface erosion. Grown for its beautiful show of fluttering gray-green leaves, it is perfect for bog gardens or along ponds and streams. Native Americans used the flexible willow stems for baskets, arrow shafts, scoops, and fish traps.

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society.
  • Grows up to 15-20 ft. tall and wide (4-6 m).
  • Performs best in full sun or light shade in moist, well-drained soils. It dislikes shallow chalk soils but grows well on sandy soils. Coyote Willow is both drought-resistant and very tolerant of flooding.
  • Watch for aphids, caterpillars, willow leaf beetles, willow bean gall sawflies, willow anthracnose diseases, honey fungus, willow scab and rust.
  • No routine pruning is necessary. Remove diseased, damaged, congested or crossing shoots.
  • Propagate by softwood or semi-ripe cuttings from spring to summer or hardwood cuttings from autumn to late winter.
  • Native to most of North America except for the southeast and far north, occurring from Alaska east to New Brunswick, and south to northern Mexico.

Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 6
Heat Zones 1 - 6
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Salicaceae
Genus Salix
Common names Willow
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 15' - 20'
(4.6m - 6.1m)
Spread 15' - 20'
(4.6m - 6.1m)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Average, High
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Pacific Northwest, Rocky Mountains, Southwest, California, Nebraska, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Arizona, Nevada, Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, Montana
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks And Slopes, Beds And Borders, Hedges And Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Coastal Garden
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Salix lasiandra (Shining Willow)
Salix lasiolepis (Arroyo Willow)
Salix nigra (Black Willow)
Salix purpurea (Purple Willow)
Salix ‘Golden Curls’ (Willow)
Salix gracilistyla ‘Melanostachys’ (Black Pussy Willow)

Recommended Companion Plants

Rosa woodsii (Western Wild Rose)
Rosa acicularis (Prickly Wild Rose)
Populus fremontii (Western Cottonwood)
Schizachyrium scoparium (Little Bluestem)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

Pussy Willow: The Ultimate Guide to Growing and Caring for This Spring Beauty
Small Trees and Shrubs That Attract Birds
Green Canopy, Better World: Exploring the Benefits of Trees
Trees that Invite Wildlife to Your Garden
Create a Garden with Great Winter Interest
Native Plant Alternatives to Salix babylonica (Weeping Willow)
Native Plant Alternatives to Salix alba (White Willow)
Shrubs and Trees with Colorful and Distinctive Twigs in Winter
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 6
Heat Zones 1 - 6
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Salicaceae
Genus Salix
Common names Willow
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 15' - 20'
(4.6m - 6.1m)
Spread 15' - 20'
(4.6m - 6.1m)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Average, High
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Pacific Northwest, Rocky Mountains, Southwest, California, Nebraska, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Arizona, Nevada, Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, Montana
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks And Slopes, Beds And Borders, Hedges And Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Coastal Garden
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Salix (Willow)
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Salix (Willow)
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