Alphabetical Plant Listing

Solanum xanti (Purple Nightshade)

Chaparral Nightshade, Purple Nightshade, Solanum xantii


Solanum xanti (Purple Nightshade) is an erect to sprawling, semi-evergreen to evergreen, perennial or sub-shrub boasting a profusion of small, trumpet-shaped, purple flowers, 1 in. across (2.5 cm), adorned with a bouquet of prominent yellow stamens. Blooming in late winter to late spring, the flowers are visited by butterflies and moths. Borne on slender stems, the blossoms give way to pea-sized purple berries. Birds feast on the fruit. The blossoms stand out nicely against the foliage of hairy, ovate to lance-shaped, dark green leaves, 2 in. long (5 cm). The leaves are summer deciduous if the plant is not given enough moisture. Solanum xanti is native to the western United States and Mexico, where it can be found growing in shrublands, oak/pine woodlands, deciduous and coniferous forests in sandy, rocky or clay soils. Deer resistant, Purple Nightshade is best used in habitat restoration, perennial borders, water-wise and native plant gardens.

  • Grows up to 2-3 ft. tall and wide (60-90 cm).
  • Thrives in full sun to part shade in a variety of dry, well-drained soils. Needs little irrigation in summer - maximum once a week once established. Drought tolerant. Plant in sun to part shade in coastal gardens and shady spots inland.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Deer resistant.
  • All parts of the plant are toxic to people and some animals.
  • Toxic to dogs, toxic to cats, toxic to horses, toxic to humans.
  • Propagate by seed or semi-ripe cuttings.
  • Native to Arizona, California, Nevada, Oregon and Mexico.

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Requirements

Hardiness 8 – 10
Climate Zones 7, 8, 9, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Perennials, Shrubs
Plant Family Solanum
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Winter
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spacing 24" – 36" (60cm – 90cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Semi-Evergreen
Native Plants United States, California, Pacific Northwest, Oregon, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona
Tolerance Clay Soil, Deer, Drought
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Mediterranean Garden

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Alan Schmierer, Mitch Barrie, Joe Decruyenaere, Flickr

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 8 – 10
Climate Zones 7, 8, 9, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Perennials, Shrubs
Plant Family Solanum
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Winter
Height 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spread 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spacing 24" – 36" (60cm – 90cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Semi-Evergreen
Native Plants United States, California, Pacific Northwest, Oregon, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona
Tolerance Clay Soil, Deer, Drought
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Mediterranean Garden

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