Alphabetical Plant Listing

Baccharis pilularis (Coyote Bush)

Coyotebrush, Chaparral Broom, Coyote Bush, Coyote Brush, Chaparral Broom, Bush Baccharis


Native to the western U. S., Baccharis pilularis (Coyote Bush) is an evergreen shrub of very variable habit. It grows in prostrate and mat-forming form on dunes and coastal areas with onshore winds and salt spray and in upright and rounded form at higher elevations inland. Its dark brown stems are clad with oval to rounded, shiny bright green leaves. Coyote Bush is dioecious with male and female flowers on separate plants. In mid summer to fall, a profusion of white female flowers and yellow male flowers occur in small, dense, terminal clusters. Coyote Bush is an extremely important plant for pollinators (bees, wasps, butterflies), due to its abundant production of pollen and nectar and its late bloom period. Coyote Bush is also great wildlife habitat providing cover for rabbits and other small mammals. The flowers are followed on female plants by copious amounts of silvery-white, plume-like seeds resembling paintbrushes. To avoid seed production, you may want to chose a male plant - although you will miss the showy white fruits. Attractive at a time when few other small trees and shrubs are flowering, Coyote Bush is tolerant of heat, drought, wind, poor or dry soils. Noted for its deer resistance and bright green foliage throughout the year, Coyote Bush is a useful low maintenance groundcover for sunny banks. Fire-retardant, it is also used for restoration and erosion control projects. The upright form of Coyote Bush is a reliable choice for hedgerows as it is easy to establish from transplants and to manage by pruning.

  • Grows up to 8-24 in. tall (20-60 cm) and 5-6 ft. wide (160-180 cm) or grows up to 4-8 ft tall and wide (120-240 cm). Female plants self-seed readily.
  • Thrives in full sun in dry, sandy, medium to coarse, acidic to neutral, well-drained soils. Tolerates light shade, heat, drought, wind and poor soils.
  • Excellent as a ground cover for dry gardens, banks and slopes (soil stabilization), informal evergreen hedges.
  • Generally pest and disease free.
  • Tolerant of pruning. Thin as needed.
  • Propagate by seed or softwood cuttings. No seed pretreatment is necessary.
  • Native to California, New Mexico, Oregon.

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Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 10
Climate Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 8" – 8' (20cm – 240cm)
Spread 6' – 8' (180cm – 240cm)
Spacing 72" – 96" (180cm – 240cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, California, Pacific Northwest, Oregon, Southwest, New Mexico
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Ground Covers, Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage

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c) Gerhard Bock, SucculentsandMore.com, Tracie Hall, Jerry Kirkhart (Flickr)

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 10
Climate Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 8" – 8' (20cm – 240cm)
Spread 6' – 8' (180cm – 240cm)
Spacing 72" – 96" (180cm – 240cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, California, Pacific Northwest, Oregon, Southwest, New Mexico
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Ground Covers, Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage

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