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Verbesina alternifolia (Wingstem)

Wingstem, Yellow Ironweed, Actinomeris alternifolia, Ridan alternifolia

Verbesina alternifolia, Wingstem, Yellow Ironweed, Actinomeris alternifolia, Ridan alternifolia, Yellow Flowers, Yellow Perennials
Verbesina alternifolia, Wingstem, Yellow Ironweed, Actinomeris alternifolia, Ridan alternifolia, Yellow Flowers, Yellow Perennials

Very tall, Verbesina alternifolia (Wingstem) is a clump-forming perennial boasting large dome-shaped clusters of bright yellow daisies in late summer to fall. Blooming for 4-6 weeks, they are attractive to bees, butterflies, and skippers. The blossoms are borne atop strongly upright, stiff, hairy stems adorned with our raised ridges, hence the name ‘wingstem’. Each luminous flower, 1-2 in. across (2-5 cm), features up to 10 reflexed, yellow ray florets and a slightly darker yellow center disk. Their real charm is the disk of tiny florets, projecting outward like a pincushion with thick needles. A single one-seeded fruit (achene) is produced by each disk floret. It may be dispersed by strong wind or carried by birds and other animals. The foliage of olive-green, elliptic, or lanceolate leaves, 4-12 in. long (10-30 cm) is rough. Native to sandy or rocky mesic soils of floodplains, woodlands, thickets, ditches, and prairies in eastern and central North America, Wingstem spreads by rhizomes and self-seeds extravagantly, forming colonies over time. It is best suited as a background planting in a native plant garden or wildflower meadow. A good food source for insects and birds, it is not favored by deer.

  • Grows up to 4-8 ft. tall (120-240 cm) and 2-6 ft. wide (60-180 cm).
  • Thrives in full sun to part shade in organically rich, moist, well-drained soils.
  • Excellent choice for cottage gardens, native plant gardens, wildflower gardens, prairies, and meadows.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Deer resistant.
  • Propagate by seed or division in early spring.
  • Native to eastern and central North America.

Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Compositae
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Late)
Fall
Height 4' - 8'
(120cm - 240cm)
Spread 2' - 6'
(60cm - 180cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, New York, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Southeast, Southwest, Midwest, Northeast, Iowa, Indiana, Wisconsin, Kansas, Missouri, Michigan, Nebraska, Illinois, Ohio, South Carolina, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Florida, Arkansas, Alabama, Kentucky, Louisiana, Georgia, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Bees, Butterflies
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow
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Do I Need?

Recommended Companion Plants

Eupatorium perfoliatum (Common Boneset)
Asclepias syriaca (Common Milkweed)
Aster novae-angliae (New England Aster)
Aster novi-belgii (New York Aster)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Compositae
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Late)
Fall
Height 4' - 8'
(120cm - 240cm)
Spread 2' - 6'
(60cm - 180cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, New York, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Southeast, Southwest, Midwest, Northeast, Iowa, Indiana, Wisconsin, Kansas, Missouri, Michigan, Nebraska, Illinois, Ohio, South Carolina, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Florida, Arkansas, Alabama, Kentucky, Louisiana, Georgia, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Bees, Butterflies
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?

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