Alphabetical Plant Listing

Caladium: How to Grow and Care with Success

Add a splash of vibrant color to your shady garden with the bold and beautiful Caladiums!


What is Caladium?

Caladium is a tropical tuberous perennial plant native to South and Central America. It is grown for its showy, colorful foliage rather than its flowers.

Description: Caladium plants have large, heart-shaped leaves that come in various combinations of green, red, white, and pink. The foliage is veined, with contrasting colors that create a striking appearance. Caladiums do produce flowers, but they are small and inconspicuous, usually hidden among the leaves. The focus of this plant is its attractive foliage.

Growth habit: Caladiums have a clumping growth habit, with leaves emerging directly from tubers in the soil. They grow upright, with leaves held on slender stems.

Size: Caladium plants typically reach a height of 12 to 30 inches (30-76 cm) and a spread of 12 to 24 inches (30-61 cm), depending on the variety.

Hardiness: Caladiums are tropical plants and are hardy in USDA zones 9-12. In colder climates, they can be grown as annuals or dug up and stored indoors during the winter months.

Uses: Caladiums are popular as ornamental plants in gardens, borders, and containers. They are often used in shady garden areas where their colorful foliage can brighten up the space. They also make excellent houseplants.

Toxicity: Caladium plants are toxic to humans and pets due to the presence of calcium oxalate crystals. Ingestion of the plant can cause irritation, a burning sensation in the mouth, throat, and gastrointestinal tract, and difficulty swallowing. Keep caladiums out of reach of children and pets.

Guide Information

Hardiness 9 - 12
Heat Zones 4 - 11
Climate Zones H2
Plant Type Bulbs
Plant Family Caladium - Angel Wings
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden
Compare All Caladium - Angel Wings Guides with Caladium - Angel Wings

Siriporn-88, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.

Guide Information

Hardiness 9 - 12
Heat Zones 4 - 11
Climate Zones H2
Plant Type Bulbs
Plant Family Caladium - Angel Wings
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden
Compare All Caladium - Angel Wings Guides with Caladium - Angel Wings

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