Alphabetical Plant Listing

Aeoniums

Tree Houseleek (Aeonium)


Mostly native to the Canary Islands off the west coast of North Africa, Aeoniums are fascinating evergreen succulents with charming rosettes of fleshy, pinwheel leaves. Belonging to the Crassulaceae family, Aeonium is a genus of about 35 species of succulent, subtropical plants. They are available in a wide range of shapes, sizes and colors. Their foliage color varies with the sun exposure, the seasons and the climate.

  • Some Aeonium species are shrub-forming, growing up to 5 ft. tall (150 cm) and producing rosettes at the tips of their ever-lengthening stems, while other species always remain compact or ground-hugging.
  • As the plants grow new leaves, older leaves eventually die and fall off, exposing the stem supporting the rosette. If you do not like the look of the denuded stem, simply snap off the rosette below its lowest leaves, with 1-2 in. of stem (2-5 cm), and replant it as cuttings. You may discard the denuded stem. This will keep the plant smaller and also delay blooming.

    Aeonium 'Sunburst'

    Aeonium 'Zwartkop'

    Aeonium 'Kiwi'

    Click here to see all Aeonium varieties

  • Mature rosettes produce impressive flower stalks about 8 inches long (20 cm) with conical clusters of flowers at the end of the stem. The small, star-shaped flowers may be creamy white, yellowish, golden, pink or red, depending on the species or cultivar. Aeoniums are monocarpic: the rosette flowers once and dies thereafter. However, it may take several years before this happens and not all rosettes bloom at the same time.
  • The beauty of Aeonium plants makes them excellent specimens to contrast with many other plants. The dark-leaved selections make a bold visual statement and look striking mixed with plants with blue or silver foliage. Aeoniums are most impressive in areas where they can be grown outside year round, but they can be used effectively as bedding plants or in containers where spectacular floral arrangements can be created. They are excellent additions to rock gardens, succulent gardens or Mediterranean gardens. They are also suitable as houseplants if exposed to very bright light.

    Aeonium 'Blushing Beauty'

    Aeonium arboreum

    Aeonium 'Mardi Gras'

    Click here to compare all Aeonium varieties

  • Aeoniums do best in warm, dry climates and are hardy to zones 9-11. Most cannot handle freezing temperatures or desert heat.
  • Aeonium are easily grown in sandy, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. They tolerate light shade and poor soils. While drought tolerant, Aeoniums require more regular watering than other succulents since they have a relatively small, shallow root system.
  • Aeoniums may go dormant in summer and do not require any water, except in excessively dry conditions. When in growth water moderately and feed every two or three weeks with a balanced liquid feed. During the winter months, restrict water to just enough to keep the foliage from shriveling.
  • Aeoniums are virtually pest and disease free. They are deer resistant and salt tolerant.
  • Aeoniums can be propagated from seed, division (for those types that produce offsets or side rosettes), and cuttings. Take cuttings in spring through summer. Cut off a rosette and let it harden off for three days or more. Then place the cutting directly into sharp sand or a well-drained mix to root.

Aeonium 'Cyclops'

Aeonium tabuliforme

Aeonium 'Jack Catlin'

Click here to find Pretty Garden Ideas with Aeoniums

Guide Information

Hardiness 9 - 11
Heat Zones 4 - 9
Climate Zones 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Cactus - Succulents
Plant Family Aeonium
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring
Summer
Fall
Winter
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Salt
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Gravel and Rock Garden, Mediterranean Garden

zwilling330 / 123RF Stock Photo

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.

Guide Information

Hardiness 9 - 11
Heat Zones 4 - 9
Climate Zones 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Cactus - Succulents
Plant Family Aeonium
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring
Summer
Fall
Winter
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Salt
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Gravel and Rock Garden, Mediterranean Garden
Not sure which Aeonium to pick?
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