Mostly native to the Canary Islands off the west coast of North Africa, Aeoniums are fascinating evergreen succulents with irresistible rosettes of fleshy, pinwheel leaves. Attractive when not blooming, they are particularly striking with their bright racemes of small, star-shaped flowers. Aeoniums are monocarpic: they flower once and die thereafter. However, this may take several years before this happens and not all rosettes bloom at the same time.
- Unlike many succulent plants, Aeoniums are winter growers and summer-dormant. Their new growth occurs at the center of the rosette. As the rosette ages, the older, outer leaves fall off, exposing the stem supporting the rosette. If you do not like the look of the denuded stem, simply snap off the rosette below its lowest leaves, with 1-2 in. of stem (2-5 cm), and replant it as cuttings. You may discard the denuded stem.
- Belonging to the Crassulaceae family, Aeonium is a genus of about 35 species of succulent, subtropical plants. They are available in a wide range of shapes, sizes and colors. Their foliage colors vary with the sun exposure, the seasons and the climate.
- Easily grown in sandy, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates light shade and poor soils. The darker the leaves, the better sun tolerance. While drought tolerant, Aeoniums require more regular watering than other succulents since they have a relatively small, shallow root system. Cut back on irrigation in summer.
- Excellent for rock gardens, succulent gardens or Mediterranean gardens. Perfect for containers where spectacular floral arrangements can be created.
- Deer resistant and salt tolerant
- Virtually pest and disease free. Watch for aphids and mealybugs
- Propagate by seed sown at 66-75ºF (19-24ºC) in spring or by cuttings of rosettes kept at 64ºF (18ºC) and barely moist until rooted