Alphabetical Plant Listing

Angelica atropurpurea (American Angelica)

American Angelica, Purple Angelica, Masterwort, Alexanders, Purplestem Angelica, Angelica atropurpurea var. occidentalis


Angelica atropurpurea (American Angelica) is a large herbaceous perennial with gorgeous, rounded umbels, up to 4-10 in. across (10-25 cm), of cream to greenish tiny flowers from early summer to early fall. The flower umbels are born on smooth, dark purple, hollow stems. They rise above a foliage of bright green leaves adorned with 3-5 finely toothed leaflets and make a pretty backdrop for other plants. The flowers give way to dry seed-like fruits. As an ornamental plant, Angelica atropurpurea is a stunning perennial, providing height and structure in the landscape. Its seed head stalks hold well into winter and are quite decorative.

  • Grows up to 3-10 ft. high (90-300 cm) and 2-6 ft. wide (60-180 cm). Individual plants can vary considerably in size depending on environmental conditions.
  • Performs best in full sun to part shade, in consistently wet to moist soils. Plants do best in the shadiest and coolest part of the garden, especially during hot summers. Standing water is well-tolerated. Staking may be needed in exposed sites.
  • Angelica is a welcomed addition to beds and borders, woodland gardens, naturalized areas, water gardens, along streams or ponds.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Deer resistant, it attracts butterflies and beneficial insects.
  • Plants may be grown from seed and may self-seed if spent flower umbels are not removed.
  • Native to central and eastern North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 7
Plant Type Herbs, Perennials
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 3' – 10' (90cm – 3m)
Spread 2' – 6' (60cm – 180cm)
Spacing 60" – 72" (150cm – 180cm)
Water Needs Average, High
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Poorly Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, West Virginia
Tolerance Deer, Wet Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Ponds and Streams
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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By Id-Video, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 7
Plant Type Herbs, Perennials
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 3' – 10' (90cm – 3m)
Spread 2' – 6' (60cm – 180cm)
Spacing 60" – 72" (150cm – 180cm)
Water Needs Average, High
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Poorly Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, West Virginia
Tolerance Deer, Wet Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Ponds and Streams
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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