Alphabetical Plant Listing

Aquilegia vulgaris (Columbine)

Columbine, Granny's Bonnet, European Crowfoot, European Columbine, Common Columbine, Granny's Nightcap


Native to Europe, Aquilegia Vulgaris, known as Columbine has escaped gardens and naturalized in parts of North America. Bushy and clump-forming, this attractive perennial enjoys delicate blossoms in shades of blue, violet, pink or white with spreading sepals and short-hooked spurs. They rise with natural grace in a mound of thin, leafy stems in late spring to early summer. Leaves are gray-green, rounded and divided into lobed leaflets. A wide array of cultivars are available in commerce, featuring flowers that are single or double, short-spurred or spurless, in a variety of colors ranging from blue to violet to white to pink to red. They all are elegant additions in the shade garden!

  • Grows in a bushy, upright clump up to 18-36 in. high (45-90 cm) and spreads 16-20 in. (40-50 cm). This perennial is generally short-lived but will self-seed prolifically to form large colonies in satisfactory growing conditions.
  • Performs best in full sun to part shade, in averagemedium moisturewell-drained soils. Seriously dislikes poorly drained soils! Richmoist soils in part shade are preferred. Do not let the soil dry out.
  • Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies but is ignored by rabbits and deer!
  • Easy to grow, this plant is a welcomed addition to bedsbordersrock gardenscottage gardensshade gardens or naturalized areas. Excellent cut flowers!
  • Susceptible to leaf miner.
  • May be grown from seed sown directly in the garden in spring (after danger of frost has passed). Division is possible in spring but it may take some time for the plant to recover.
  • Remove faded flowering stems to promote additional bloom. Cut to the ground when the foliage declines (around mid-summer).
  • Contact with sap may irritate the skin

Aquilegia is a genus of clump-forming, short-lived perennials noted for their late spring to mid-summer blooms of single or double, short-spurred or spurless flowers, in a variety of colors ranging from blue to violet to white to pink to red. A classic element of herbaceous borders, Columbines mix beautifully with peonies, irises, alliums and roses.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, A2, A3
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Aquilegia
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 15" – 20" (37cm – 50cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage

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Botanik Foto

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Climate Zones 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, A2, A3
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Aquilegia
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 15" – 20" (37cm – 50cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Aquilegia

Guides with Aquilegia

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