Alphabetical Plant Listing

Dudleya farinosa (Bluff Lettuce)

Bluff Lettuce, Powdery Live-forever, Powdery Liveforever, Dudleya compacta, Dudleya eastwoodiae, Dudleya septentrionalis


Variable in appearance from drab to spectacular, Dudleya farinosa (Bluff Lettuce) is an evergreen succulent with charming rosettes, 8-12 in. across (20-30 cm), of spade-like, pale green to chalky blue-white leaves. The fleshy leaves and stems often display bright red coloring along their edges and tips in the driest conditions. In late spring to early fall, the rosettes send up erect flower spikes which bear clusters of brilliant lemon-yellow, urn-shaped flowers prized by hummingbirds and butterflies. This plant offsets and multiplies by producing new rosettes. Native to the coastline of Oregon and northern California, Bluff Lettuce is commonly found on bluffs and coastal hillsides. This plant does not tolerate hot, droughty, summer exposures. It is hardy to 20°F (-7° C) and does not tolerate temperatures over 50°F (10° C). Low maintenance, Bluff Lettuce is a lovely plant and great choice for coastal gardens, rock gardens or containers.

  • Grows up to 4-8 in. tall (10-20 cm) and 8-12 in. wide (20-30 cm).
  • Easily grown in dry, rockywell-drained soils in part shade. This succulent is drought tolerant, but does require occasional summer water. Do not overwater as it may cause root rot. Bluff Lettuce is also salt spray tolerant. 
  • Perfect for coastal gardens, rock gardens, Mediterranean gardens or containers.
  • Deer resistant
  • Virtually disease free. Watch for mealybugs, snails and slugs
  • Propagate by seed, stem cuttings, divisions. Propagating Dudleya plants with seeds is very difficult.
  • Native to California, Oregon.

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Requirements

Hardiness 9 – 11
Climate Zones 5, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Cactus - Succulents
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 4" – 8" (10cm – 20cm)
Spread 8" – 1' (20cm – 30cm)
Spacing 8" – 12" (20cm – 30cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, California, Pacific Northwest, Oregon
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Rocky Soil, Salt
Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Ground Covers, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Gravel and Rock Garden, Mediterranean Garden

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RelentlessImages, K E Magoon, Shutterstock, c) Gerhard Bock, SucculentsandMore.com

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 9 – 11
Climate Zones 5, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Cactus - Succulents
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 4" – 8" (10cm – 20cm)
Spread 8" – 1' (20cm – 30cm)
Spacing 8" – 12" (20cm – 30cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, California, Pacific Northwest, Oregon
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Rocky Soil, Salt
Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Ground Covers, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Gravel and Rock Garden, Mediterranean Garden

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