Alphabetical Plant Listing

Fagus sylvatica (European Beech)

European Beech, Common Beech


Native to central and southern Europe, Fagus sylvatica (European Beech) is a beautiful, large, deciduous tree with a densely pyramidal to rounded-spreading crown. Its foliage of broadly elliptic, lustrous leaves (4 in. long or 10 cm), is pale green when young, dark green when mature and turns rich russet and golden brown colors in the fall. Branching to the ground, its smooth, gray bark is truly stunning in the winter landscape. In mid-late spring, small, yellow-green flowers are on display. They are followed by bristly fruits which ripen in the fall and are edible. Smaller and more amenable than Fagus grandifolia (American Beech), European Beech has been widely planted in Europe and North America for centuries. It makes a superb shade tree or specimen tree for a large landscape. Excellent for hedges and screens.

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society.
  • Grows up to 50-60 ft. tall (15-18 m) and 35-50 ft. wide (10-15 m)
  • A full sun or part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in deep, rich, moist, well-drained soils. Intolerant of wet, poorly drained soils.
  • Perfect as a specimen plant or for hedges or screens.
  • Low maintenance, this beautiful tree is not subject to serious insect or disease issues. Watch for aphids, Japanese beetles, caterpillars, Beech scale, coral spot and heart and root rot in mature trees. Deer resistant.
  • Propagate by seed. Difficult to transplant
  • Native to central and southern Europe

Not sure which Fagus - Beeches to pick?
Compare All Fagus - Beeches

Buy Fagus sylvatica (European Beech)

Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 7
Heat Zones 4 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, A3
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Fagus - Beeches
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 50' – 60' (15m – 18m)
Spread 35' – 50' (10.5m – 15m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United Kingdom
Tolerance Deer
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens

Buy Plants

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Fagus - Beeches

Guides with Fagus - Beeches


LFRabanedo, PJ photography, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 7
Heat Zones 4 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, A3
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Fagus - Beeches
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 50' – 60' (15m – 18m)
Spread 35' – 50' (10.5m – 15m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United Kingdom
Tolerance Deer
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Fagus - Beeches

Guides with Fagus - Beeches

Plant Calculator

How many Fagus sylvatica (European Beech) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Fagus sylvatica (European Beech)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.