Alphabetical Plant Listing

Hepatica americana (Roundleaf Liverleaf)

Roundleaf Liverleaf , Anemone americana, American Liverwort, Roundlobe Hepatica, Round-lobed Hepatica, Liverleaf, Anemone hepatica, Hepatica hepatica, Hepatica triloba var. americana


One of the earliest woodland wildflowers, Hepatica americana (Roundleaf Liverleaf) is a charming perennial producing adorable bowl-shaped flowers, 1 in. across (2.5 cm), in early spring. Usually light blue to lavender, the blossoms may also be pale pink, purple or white. Rich in nectar, they are an important early source for many pollinators. The flowers close at night and on cloudy days when pollinators are unlikely to be flying. Borne atop fuzzy, leafless stems, the blossoms appear before the new foliage. After the flowers fade, the leaves take over. Handsome, they are leathery, wine-colored beneath, and divided into three rounded lobes. They keep the plant interesting after the blooms fade. As the first spring ephemeral to bloom, Hepatica americana is a jewel in the stark landscape. Low maintenance, it is best grown in places where it can remain undisturbed for years.

  • Grows up to 6-9 in. tall and wide (15-22 cm). May self-seed where happy to create a lovely carpet.
  • Easily grown in humus-rich, moist, well-drained soils in part shade . Top dress annually in autumn with leaf mould.
  • Undemanding, this Hepatica is a welcomed addition to rock gardens or woodland gardens. For best visual impact, plant en masse.
  • Generally pest and disease free.
  • Propagate by seed sown in an open frame, as soon as ripe, or by division in spring.
  • Native to eastern North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Hepatica - Liverleaf
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early)
Height 6" – 9" (15cm – 22cm)
Spread 6" – 9" (15cm – 22cm)
Spacing 9" (22cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Semi-Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Garden Uses Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Chanticleer Garden, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Hepatica - Liverleaf
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early)
Height 6" – 9" (15cm – 22cm)
Spread 6" – 9" (15cm – 22cm)
Spacing 9" (22cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Semi-Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Garden Uses Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Hepatica - Liverleaf

Guides with Hepatica - Liverleaf

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