Alphabetical Plant Listing

Koelreuteria paniculata (Golden Rain Tree)

Pride of India, Golden Rain Tree, Varnish Tree, Shrimp Tree, China Tree


A fine tree for the landscape, Koelreuteria paniculata (Golden Rain Tree) is an elegant small deciduous tree with an open branching habit and a rounded canopy of pinnate or bipinnate, feathery leaves, 18 in. long (45 cm). Emerging pinkish-purple in spring, the leaves mature to bright apple-green as the season progresses and may turn a lovely golden yellow in the fall. In summer, a profusion of rich yellow flowers appear in long clusters, 12 in. long (30 cm), at the tips of the branches. They last several weeks and create a most spectacular floral display. The flowers are followed by hanging clusters of papery, lantern-like seed capsules. These turn rusty brown by fall and persist into winter. The heavy crop of stunning flowers, handsome foliage, ornamental fruit, and tolerance to drought, heat, and wind make Golden Rain Tree a desirable tree for landscaping. Popular as a street tree, it is an excellent specimen tree that deserves a prominent position in the landscape.

  • Grows up to 30-40 ft. tall and wide (9-12 m). Adds 12-24 in. per year (30-60 cm).
  • A full sun lover, this plant is easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils. Drought tolerant once established.
  • Low maintenance, this plant has no serious insect or disease issues. Keep an eye out for root rot, leaf spot and canker.
  • No routine pruning necessary. Remove diseased, damaged, congested or crossing shoots. Prune after flowering or in late autumn.
  • Propagate by seed or root cuttings.
  • Native to China, Korea. Introduced to North America in 1763, This Asian native has become a popular landscape tree with its colorful flowers and interesting fruit. Unfortunately, it escapes from cultivation and naturalizes in a variety of environmental conditions.
  • Find where this species is invasive in the United States.
  • Discover beautiful U.S. native plant alternatives.

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Requirements

Hardiness 6 – 9
Heat Zones 1 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A2
Plant Type Trees
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 30' – 40' (9m – 12m)
Spread 30' – 40' (9m – 12m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Clay Soil, Drought
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden

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Taras Verkhovynets, Peter Turner Photography, IvanaStevanoski (shutterstock)

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 6 – 9
Heat Zones 1 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A2
Plant Type Trees
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 30' – 40' (9m – 12m)
Spread 30' – 40' (9m – 12m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Clay Soil, Drought
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden

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