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Echinacea purpurea (Purple Coneflower)

Eastern Purple Coneflower, Purple Coneflower, Brauneria purpurea, Echinacea purpurea var. arkansana, Rudbeckia purpurea

Echinacea Purpurea, Eastern Purple Coneflower, Purple Coneflower, Brauneria purpurea, Echinacea purpurea var. arkansana, Rudbeckia purpurea, Pink Coneflower, Pink Echinacea
Echinacea Purpurea, Eastern Purple Coneflower, Purple Coneflower, Brauneria purpurea, Echinacea purpurea var. arkansana, Rudbeckia purpurea, Pink Coneflower, Pink Echinacea

A popular perennial, Echinacea purpurea (Purple Coneflower) is an outstanding herbaceous perennial boasting a profusion of large, daisy-like, purple coneflowers, 5 in. across (12 cm), throughout summer. Long-lasting, the showy blossoms are borne atop strong, erect stems clad with coarse, lance-shaped, dark green leaves. They feature purple, drooping rays surrounding a spiny, dark brown central cone. Rich in nectar, they attract butterflies and hummingbirds. If its flower heads are not removed in the fall, the blackened cones will be visited by birds that feed on the seeds. Vigorous and easy care, drought, heat, humidity, and poor soil tolerant, Echinacea purpurea is a suitable addition to a prairie garden, looks terrific when massed in perennial borders or flower arrangements. Its flowers are used to make a trendy herbal tea, reported to help strengthen the immune system.

  • Grows in clumps up to 24-60 in. tall (60-150 cm) and 18-24 in. wide (45-60 cm). Freely self-seeds in the garden and can become very aggressive.
  • Thrives in full sun in average, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils. Tolerant of drought, heat, and humidity.
  • Perfect choice for beds and borders, prairies and meadows, wildflower gardens or cottage gardens.
  • Excellent as cut flowers. If flower heads are not removed in the fall, the blackened cones will be visited by birds that feed on the seeds.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Attractive to butterflies, hummingbirds, and other pollinators, but deer resistant.
  • Remove spent flowers and cut back the stems to encourage further blooms.
  • Propagate by seed in spring. Propagate by division in spring or fall, although this plant resents disturbance. Propagate by root cuttings from late autumn to early winter.
  • Native to the eastern United States.

Echinacea (Coneflower): How to Grow and Care with Success


Want to learn how to grow and care for Echinacea like a pro? Follow these simple steps and enjoy the beauty of these striking plants

Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 8
Heat Zones 1 - 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A2, A3
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Compositae
Genus Echinacea
Common names Coneflower, Purple Coneflower
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Height 2' - 5'
(60cm - 150cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 24" (60cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Northeast, Midwest, Southwest, Southeast, Michigan, Wisconsin, Kansas, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, Kentucky, Georgia, Florida, Arkansas, Alabama, West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, South Carolina, North Carolina, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Drought, Deer, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil, Clay Soil
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Echinacea ‘Secret Lust’ (Coneflower)
Echinacea Double Scoop Cranberry (Coneflower)
Echinacea Double Scoop Mandarin (Coneflower)
Echinacea Sombrero Sandy Yellow (Coneflower)
Echinacea Sombrero Flamenco Orange (Coneflower)
Echinacea ‘Marmalade’ (Coneflower)

Recommended Companion Plants

Allium cernuum (Lady’s Leek)
Asclepias tuberosa (Butterfly Weed)
Bouteloua curtipendula (Side-Oats Grama)
Chasmanthium latifolium (Northern Sea Oats)
Liatris spicata (Blazing Star)
Schizachyrium scoparium (Little Bluestem)
Dalea purpurea (Purple Prairie Clover)
Rudbeckia hirta (Black-Eyed Susan)

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Echinacea (Coneflower)
Coneflowers (Echinacea): Gems in the Garden
Echinacea (Coneflower): How to Grow and Care with Success
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 8
Heat Zones 1 - 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A2, A3
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Compositae
Genus Echinacea
Common names Coneflower, Purple Coneflower
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Height 2' - 5'
(60cm - 150cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 24" (60cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Northeast, Midwest, Southwest, Southeast, Michigan, Wisconsin, Kansas, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, Kentucky, Georgia, Florida, Arkansas, Alabama, West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, South Carolina, North Carolina, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Drought, Deer, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil, Clay Soil
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Echinacea (Coneflower)
Not sure which Echinacea (Coneflower) to pick?
Compare Now

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    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

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