Alphabetical Plant Listing

Luma apiculata (Chilean Myrtle)

Temu, Arrayán, Collimamol, Luma, Palo Colorado, Chilean Myrtle, Orange-Bark Myrtle, Soap-Bark Tree, Myrtus luma, Myrtus apiculata


A treasure from Chile and western Argentina, award-winning Luma apiculata (Chilean Myrtle) is a remarkable evergreen shrub or small tree. It is prized for the fantastic shape of its multiple trunks and their luminous, cinnamon bark which glows as it flakes into patches of orange and white. The evergreen foliage of small, broadly ovate, pointed, dark glossy green leaves emits a sweet spicy aroma when crushed. Clusters of small, four-petaled, waxy, white flowers, 1/2 in. across (2 cm), bloom in summer. They are followed by small, edible, purple berries which may be used to make sauces and jams. Beautiful through the seasons, Chilean Myrtle is a striking accent tree. Plant it in a location where the spectacular bark can be admired.

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society.
  • Grows up to 6-8 ft. tall and wide (180-240 cm). Can reach 30-50 ft. tall and wide (9-15 m) in its natural habitat. Adds 12 in. per year (30 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun or part shade in moist to dry, well-drained soils. Tolerates many types of soil from sandy to heavy clay as long as it is well-drained. Prefers a sunny spot, but grows in semi-shade. Tolerates maritime exposure. Drought tolerant once established.
  • A charming addition to wall-side borders, coastal gardens, Mediterranean gardens or containers. Can be grown as a hedge or screen.
  • No routine pruning necessary. Remove diseased, damaged, congested or crossing shoots.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Deer resistant.
  • Propagate by seed and semi-hardwood cuttings.
  • Native to Chile and Argentina.

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Requirements

Hardiness 9 – 11
Heat Zones 10 – 11
Climate Zones 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 6' – 50' (180cm – 15m)
Spread 6' – 50' (180cm – 15m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens, Patio and Containers, Wall-Side Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Mediterranean Garden

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Pablo Monfort, Peter Turner Photography (Shutterstock)

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 9 – 11
Heat Zones 10 – 11
Climate Zones 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 6' – 50' (180cm – 15m)
Spread 6' – 50' (180cm – 15m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens, Patio and Containers, Wall-Side Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Mediterranean Garden

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