Alphabetical Plant Listing

Picea mariana (Black Spruce)

Black Spruce, Bog Spruce, Swamp Spruce


Picea mariana (Black Spruce) is a small, narrow evergreen conifer of narrowly conical habit adorned with a spire-like crown. Descending to sweep the ground, its branches are covered with short, stiff, 4-sided, dark blue-green needles that are attached individually to the branches, rather than presented in clusters. Thin and scaly, the dark gray bark breaks into scales, revealing the inner green bark. Produced in dense clusters in the upper crown of the tree, the cones are the smallest of all of the spruces. They are egg-shaped to rounded, dark purple ripening red-brown. They persist for several years. Slow-growing, Black Spruce has a shallow root system which makes the tree susceptible to wind throw. It is an excellent choice for cold northern climates and tolerant of wet sites.

  • Grows up to 30-50 ft. tall (9-15 m) and 20-30 ft. wide (6-9 m).
  • Performs best in full sun in moist soils. Prefers cool climates and will struggle in hot and humid climate areas.
  • No serious pest and disease issues. Keep an eye out for needle rusts and cankers.
  • No pruning required.
  • Propagate by grafting or semi-hardwood cuttings.
  • Native to North America.

Not sure which Picea - Spruces to pick?
Compare All Picea - Spruces

Buy Picea mariana (Black Spruce)

Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 6
Heat Zones 1 – 6
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Picea - Spruces
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 30' – 50' (9m – 15m)
Spread 20' – 30' (6m – 9m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Moisture Retentive
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Alaska, Midwest, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont
Tolerance Wet Soil
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Buy Plants

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Picea - Spruces

Guides with Picea - Spruces


Andrei Lavr, Bryan Neuswanger, OtiKo, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 6
Heat Zones 1 – 6
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Picea - Spruces
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 30' – 50' (9m – 15m)
Spread 20' – 30' (6m – 9m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Moisture Retentive
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Alaska, Midwest, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont
Tolerance Wet Soil
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Picea - Spruces

Guides with Picea - Spruces

Plant Calculator

How many Picea mariana (Black Spruce) do I need for my garden?

%
ft
ft

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Picea mariana (Black Spruce)

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.