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Pinus lambertiana (Sugar Pine)

Sugar Pine, Big Sugar Pine, Great Sugar Pine

Pinus lambertiana, Sugar Pine, Big Sugar Pine, Great Sugar Pine, Evergreen Conifer, Evergreen Shrub, Evergreen Tree,
Pinus lambertiana, Sugar Pine, Big Sugar Pine, Great Sugar Pine, Evergreen Conifer, Evergreen Shrub, Evergreen Tree,

The tallest and largest pine tree, Pinus lambertiana (Sugar Pine) is an evergreen coniferous tree of narrow pyramidal habit in youth with a straight trunk free of branches much of its length and rather spreading and pendulous branches. With age, it becomes flat-topped with a wide spreading crown. Its dark blue-green needles, up to 4 in. long (10 cm), are presented in bundles of five. Sugar Pine is notable for having the longest seed cones of any conifer, mostly 10 to 20 inches (25–50 cm) long. Similarly to pine nuts, the seeds are edible. The bark of young trees is thin, gray-green, and smooth, becoming reddish, with narrow, broken, scaly ridges separated by deep furrows on mature specimens. Long-lived (500 years), Sugar Pine is regarded by some as the most princely of the genus. The common name refers to the sweetish resin that exudes from cut or burned heartwood which was also eaten by Native Americans.

  • Grows up to 100-200 ft. tall (30-60 m) and 50 ft. wide (15 m).
  • Performs best in full sun in well-drained soils.
  • No pruning required.
  • Native to Sierra Nevada, California, Oregon.

Requirements

Hardiness 7 - 9
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinaceae
Genus Pinus
Common names Pine, Sugar Pine
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 100' - 200'
(30.5m - 61m)
Spread 40' - 50'
(12.2m - 15.2m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Southwest, Pacific Northwest, California, Oregon, Nevada
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Pinus eldarica (Afghan Pine)
Pinus edulis (Pinyon Pine)
Pinus strobus ‘Contorta’ (Eastern White Pine)
Pinus sabiniana (California Foothill Pine)
Pinus pungens (Table Mountain Pine)
Pinus rigida (Pitch Pine)

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Native Plant Alternatives to Pinus sylvestris (Scotch Pine)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 7 - 9
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinaceae
Genus Pinus
Common names Pine, Sugar Pine
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 100' - 200'
(30.5m - 61m)
Spread 40' - 50'
(12.2m - 15.2m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Southwest, Pacific Northwest, California, Oregon, Nevada
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
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Pinus (Pine)
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