Alphabetical Plant Listing

Pinus ponderosa (Ponderosa Pine)

Ponderosa Pine, Trucker Pine, Western Yellow Pine


Long-lived (up to 600 years), Pinus ponderosa (Ponderosa Pine) is a large evergreen coniferous tree of conical habit. The branches are short and pendulous, often turned up at the ends. Borne in bundles of three, its yellow-green to dark green needles, 10 in. long (25 cm), are mostly clustered at the branch ends. The oval, light brown to reddish-brown seed cones, up to 6 in. long (15 cm), grow upright, but turn upside down at maturity. Quite attractive, the bark on young trees is dark brown to black, becoming bright cinnamon-brown to reddish-orange and irregularly furrowed on mature trees. Thanks to its deep taproot, Ponderosa Pine is very wind-resistant. A moderate to fast grower, it is the State Tree of Montana. Useful for groves, great for bonsais or containers.

  • Grows up to 60-100 ft. tall (18-30 m) and 25-30 ft. wide (7-9 m).
  • Performs best in full sun in medium moisture, well-drained soils. Good in coastal area and sandy soils. Will adapt to a wide range of soil conditions. Drought tolerant once established.
  • Keep an eye out for adelgids, conifer aphid species, pine sawfly and pine shoot moth. Deer resistant.
  • No pruning required.
  • Native to western North America. This is one of the most widely distributed tree species in the West, growing from southern Canada into Mexico, and from Nebraska and Oklahoma all the way to the Pacific Coast.
  • Find where this species is invasive in the United States.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 7
Heat Zones 5 – 8
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, H1
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinus - Pines
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 60' – 100' (18m – 30m)
Spread 25' – 30' (7.5m – 9m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage

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Dominic Gentilcore, aga7ta / Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 7
Heat Zones 5 – 8
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, H1
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinus - Pines
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 60' – 100' (18m – 30m)
Spread 25' – 30' (7.5m – 9m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage

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