Alphabetical Plant Listing

Primula x bulleesiana (Candelabra Primrose)

Candelabra Primrose, Candelabra Primula, Bulle's Primrose


Highlight of the late spring bog garden, Primula x bulleesiana, commonly known as Candelabra Primrose, is a hybrid cross between Primula bulleyana and Primula beesiana, with both parents being native to the Himalayas and China. This hybrid perennial thrives in damp, shady environments where it brings in late spring or early summer, brightly colored, tiered whorls of flowers (3 to 6 per stem) spaced at intervals on leafless stems that rise atop basal rosettes of ovate to lanceolate, medium green leaves. The delicate flowers range from salmon to terra cotta and include cream, rose, red, lavender and purple. Primroses are brilliant vehicles for adding color to the shade garden.

  • Easily grows up to 18-24 in. tall (45-60 cm) and 12-18 in. across (30-45 cm), this plant quickly establishes to a good size by self-sowing and looks particularly beautiful when grown in mass. While winter-deciduous, it will return with vigor year after year.
  • A part shade lover, it is best grown in humus-rich, consistently moist, neutral to acid soils. This plant may be grown in full sun in cool summer areas, provided the soil remains moist. Mulch this plant to help maintain the soil moisture and keep the roots cool. Wet soils tolerated.
  • This plant is very versatile and can be used in partially shaded beds, borders, in cottage gardens or along streams, ponds or water gardens.
  • A low maintenance plant (Cut back after flowering). Watch out for pests such as aphids, vine weevil, slugs and glasshouse red spider mite.
  • Deer resistant!

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Heat Zones 5 – 8
Climate Zones 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Primula - Primroses
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 12" – 18" (30cm – 45cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Moisture Retentive, Poorly Drained
Characteristics Showy
Tolerance Deer, Wet Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Ponds and Streams
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage

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Great Plant Combination Ideas with Primula - Primroses

Guides with Primula - Primroses


Pictures are courtesy of Botanik Foto and Forde & Abbey Gardens

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Heat Zones 5 – 8
Climate Zones 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Primula - Primroses
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 12" – 18" (30cm – 45cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Moisture Retentive, Poorly Drained
Characteristics Showy
Tolerance Deer, Wet Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Ponds and Streams
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Primula - Primroses

Guides with Primula - Primroses

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