Alphabetical Plant Listing

Quercus virginiana (Live Oak)

Live Oak, American Live Oak, Southern Live Oak, Coastal Live Oak, Virginia Live Oak, Live Oak, Encino


Long-lived and majestic, Quercus virginiana (Live Oak) is a large evergreen tree adorned with a wide-spreading, rounded crown, its lower limbs stretching great distances from the trunk. Symbol of the south and its old plantations, its heavy branches are often graced with Spanish moss. Smooth-edged, the evergreen leathery leaves are shiny dark green with whitish undersides. Inconspicuous yellow-green catkins appear in spring. With age, the bark of the sinuously curved trunk and branches becomes very dark and cross-checked. The oval acorns are a valuable source of food for small mammals and birds. A magnificent and picturesque tree for lawns and large areas.

  • Grows up to 40-80 ft. tall (12-24 m) and 60-100 ft. wide (18-30 m).
  • A full sun lover, this tree is easily grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils. Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions. Tolerant of salt, drought, and wind.
  • Perfect as a specimen plant.
  • May be affected by aphids, oak gall wasps and oak wilt.
  • Native to the southeastern United States, Mexico.

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Requirements

Hardiness 8 – 10
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Quercus - Oaks
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 40' – 80' (12m – 24m)
Spread 60' – 100' (18m – 30m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Southwest, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Salt
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

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Botanik Foto

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 8 – 10
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Quercus - Oaks
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 40' – 80' (12m – 24m)
Spread 60' – 100' (18m – 30m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Southwest, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Salt
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Quercus - Oaks

Guides with Quercus - Oaks

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