Alphabetical Plant Listing

Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood)

Flowering Dogwood, American Box, Blood Twig Dogwood, Common White Dogwood, Eastern Flowering Dogwood, False Box Wood, North American Green Osier


Noted for its 4 seasons of interest, Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood) is a large shrub or small deciduous tree adorned with a rounded to flat-topped canopy and elegant horizontal or tiered branches. In spring, profuse star-like blooms, 3-4 in. across (7-10 cm), appear usually before the leaves. They consist of four narrowly pointed white bracts which surround the center cluster of tiny green flowers. The blossoms give way to rounded, glistening orange-red fruit in summer, which may persist until late in the year, unless devoured by hungry birds. In summer, its canopy of layered branches, clad with broadly oval, mid-green leaves, provides shade and beauty. In the fall, it offers spectacular bright red color when its foliage turns attractive shades of purple and scarlet. Light gray and smooth when young, the bark becomes gray-brown and develops a distinctive pattern that looks like alligator skin as the tree matures, adding interest to the winter landscape. A magnificent landscape tree regarded by many gardeners as one of the best small flowering trees.

  • Grows up to 15-30 ft. tall and wide (4-9 m).
  • Performs best in part shade, in fertile, evenly moist, acidic to neutral, well-drained soils. Tolerates full sun but tends to be denser. Keep roots cool with a mulch in summer and provide shelter in exposed locations.
  • Generally pest free. Keep an eye out for cornus anthracnose and horse chestnut scale. Deer resistant.
  • Great choice as a specimen near patios or in lawns, in shrub borders, woodland gardens, or naturalized areas.
  • No routine pruning necessary. Remove diseased, damaged, congested or crossing shoots.
  • Propagate by softwood cuttings in summer.
  • Native from Maine to southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to Florida, Texas and Mexico.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 3 – 8
Climate Zones 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Cornus - Dogwoods
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 15' – 30' (4.5m – 9m)
Spread 15' – 30' (4.5m – 9m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Clay Soil, Deer
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow, Traditional Garden

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 3 – 8
Climate Zones 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Cornus - Dogwoods
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 15' – 30' (4.5m – 9m)
Spread 15' – 30' (4.5m – 9m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Tolerance Clay Soil, Deer
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow, Traditional Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Cornus - Dogwoods

Guides with Cornus - Dogwoods

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