Alphabetical Plant Listing

Rubus occidentalis (Black Raspberry)

Black Raspberry, Thimbleberry, Rubus occidentalis var. pallidus


Rubus occidentalis (Black Raspberry) is a multi-stemmed, thorny, deciduous shrub with long, slender, arching canes clothed with blue-green, pinnately compound leaves turning to shades of yellow in the fall. In late spring to early summer, clusters of white, rose-like flowers are on display. Rich in nectar, they attract many pollinators including hummingbirds, butterflies, and bees. The blossoms give way to an abundance of round, edible, red berries which mature to black. The berries are flavorful and great for fresh eating, canning and baking. Songbirds, mammals, and black bears feast on them. During the winter, birds and small mammals eat the seeds left from the rotted fruits. Unlike other brambles, Black Raspberry does not spread by underground rhizomes, but via its arching canes that root wherever they touch the ground. Rubus occidentalis is a species native to eastern North America.

  • Grows up to 3-6 ft. tall (90-180 cm) and 4-8 ft. wide (120-240 cm).
  • A full sun to part shade lover, this plant is best grown in organically rich, slightly acidic, moist but well-drained soils. Raspberries dislike waterlogged soils and shallow chalky soils. For best results, plant in a sheltered, sunny position. They will tolerate light shade, but the yield is likely to be reduced.
  • In late winter, remove any canes damaged by winter and thin, as needed, the remaining canes.
  • No serious disease issues. Keep an eye out for honey fungus.
  • Propagate by division, tip layering or digging up suckers.
  • Native to North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Plant Type Fruit, Shrubs
Plant Family Rubus - Brambles
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Late)
Fall
Height 3' – 6' (90cm – 180cm)
Spread 4' – 8' (120cm – 240cm)
Spacing 72" – 96" (180cm – 240cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma
Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds

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By Kimberly Boyles / Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 8
Plant Type Fruit, Shrubs
Plant Family Rubus - Brambles
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Late)
Fall
Height 3' – 6' (90cm – 180cm)
Spread 4' – 8' (120cm – 240cm)
Spacing 72" – 96" (180cm – 240cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma
Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Rubus - Brambles

Guides with Rubus - Brambles

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