Alphabetical Plant Listing

Zizia aptera (Heartleaf Alexanders)

Heart-leaved Meadow Parsnip, Heartleaf Meadow Parsnip, Meadow Parsnip, Heartleaf Alexanders, Meadow Zizia, Zizia


Zizia aptera (Heartleaf Alexanders) is a short-lived perennial boasting large, flat-topped clusters, 2-3 in. across (5-7 cm), of tiny, brilliant yellow flowers from late spring to early summer. They are an exceptional early season nectar source for bees and butterflies. Resembling Queen Anne's Lace flowers, the blossoms are borne atop erect, reddish, branching stems. The lush deep green foliage sports heart-shaped basal leaves and ternately divided stem leaves. A tough North American native, Heartleaf Alexanders is valued for its early flowers in woodland or prairie settings.

  • Grows up to 12-36 in. tall (30-90 cm) and 12-18 in. wide (30-45 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun or part shade in average, dry to moist, well-drained soils.
  • An excellent choice for woodland gardens, prairies, wildflower gardens.
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Plant stratified seed in fall. Plants can also be divided in spring or fall.
  • Native to North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 18" – 24" (45cm – 60cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Nevada, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Dry Soil
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Jerrold James Griffith, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 18" – 24" (45cm – 60cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Nevada, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Dry Soil
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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