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Zizia aptera (Heartleaf Alexanders)

Heart-leaved Meadow Parsnip, Heartleaf Meadow Parsnip, Meadow Parsnip, Heartleaf Alexanders, Meadow Zizia, Zizia

Zizia aptera, Heart-leaved Meadow Parsnip, Heartleaf Meadow Parsnip, Meadow Parsnip, Heartleaf Alexanders, Meadow Zizia, Zizia, Yellow Flowers, Yellow Perennials

Zizia aptera (Heartleaf Alexanders) is a short-lived perennial boasting large, flat-topped clusters, 2-3 in. across (5-7 cm), of tiny, brilliant yellow flowers from late spring to early summer. They are an exceptional early season nectar source for bees and butterflies. Resembling Queen Anne’s Lace flowers, the blossoms are borne atop erect, reddish, branching stems. The lush deep green foliage sports heart-shaped basal leaves and ternately divided stem leaves. A tough North American native, Heartleaf Alexanders is valued for its early flowers in woodland or prairie settings.

  • Grows up to 12-36 in. tall (30-90 cm) and 12-18 in. wide (30-45 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun or part shade in average, dry to moist, well-drained soils.
  • An excellent choice for woodland gardens, prairies, wildflower gardens.
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Plant stratified seed in fall. Plants can also be divided in spring or fall.
  • Native to North America.

Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Apiaceae
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 1' - 3'
(30cm - 90cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 18" - 24"
(50cm - 60cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, Southwest, Southeast, Pacific Northwest, Rocky Mountains, Northeast, Midwest, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, South Dakota, North Dakota, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, South Carolina, West Virginia, Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina, Florida, Arkansas, Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, Kentucky, Texas, Oklahoma, Nevada, Wyoming, Utah, Montana, Colorado
Tolerance Dry Soil
Attracts Bees
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
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Recommended Companion Plants

Bouteloua curtipendula (Side-Oats Grama)
Schizachyrium scoparium (Little Bluestem)
Sporobolus heterolepis (Prairie Dropseed)
Amsonia tabernaemontana (Blue Star)
Echinacea pallida (Pale Purple Coneflower)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Apiaceae
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 1' - 3'
(30cm - 90cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 18" - 24"
(50cm - 60cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, Southwest, Southeast, Pacific Northwest, Rocky Mountains, Northeast, Midwest, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, South Dakota, North Dakota, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, South Carolina, West Virginia, Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina, Florida, Arkansas, Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, Kentucky, Texas, Oklahoma, Nevada, Wyoming, Utah, Montana, Colorado
Tolerance Dry Soil
Attracts Bees
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?

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