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Zizia aurea (Golden Alexanders)

Golden Zizia, Golden Alexanders

Zizia aurea, Golden Zizia, Golden Alexanders, Yellow Flowers, Yellow Perennials
Zizia aurea, Golden Zizia, Golden Alexanders, Yellow Flowers, Yellow Perennials

Zizia aurea (Golden Alexanders) is a short-lived perennial boasting large, flat-topped clusters, 4 in. across (10 cm), of tiny, brilliant yellow flowers from late spring to early summer. They are an exceptional early season nectar source for bees and butterflies. Resembling Queen Anne’s Lace flowers, the blossoms are borne atop erect, branching stems. They give way to deep plum seedheads, adding summer interest. The lush deep green foliage is divided into threes once (upper leaves) or twice (lower leaves), and turns shades or oranges and reds in the fall. A great naturalizer, Golden Alexanders spreads readily by seed to form large colonies in ideal conditions. It is valued for its early flowers in prairie restorations.

  • Grows up to 18-36 in. tall (45-90 cm) and 18-24 in. wide (45-60 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun or part shade in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils.
  • An excellent choice for woodland gardens, cottage gardens, prairies, wildflower gardens.
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Plant stratified seed in fall. Plants can also be divided.
  • Native from eastern Canada to the southern United States

Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Apiaceae
Common names Golden Alexanders
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Height 1' - 3'
(30cm - 90cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 24" (60cm)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, Northeast, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Missouri, Ohio, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Nebraska, Minnesota, Midwest, Michigan, Kansas, Iowa, Indiana, Illinois, Southeast, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Southwest, Texas, Oklahoma, Rocky Mountains, Montana
Attracts Bees, Butterflies
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
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Recommended Companion Plants

Asclepias tuberosa (Butterfly Weed)
Bouteloua curtipendula (Side-Oats Grama)
Monarda fistulosa (Wild Bergamot)
Schizachyrium scoparium (Little Bluestem)
Sorghastrum nutans (Indian Grass)
Ceanothus americanus (New Jersey Tea)
Sporobolus heterolepis (Prairie Dropseed)
Rudbeckia hirta (Black-Eyed Susan)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Apiaceae
Common names Golden Alexanders
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Height 1' - 3'
(30cm - 90cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 24" (60cm)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, Northeast, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Missouri, Ohio, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Nebraska, Minnesota, Midwest, Michigan, Kansas, Iowa, Indiana, Illinois, Southeast, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Southwest, Texas, Oklahoma, Rocky Mountains, Montana
Attracts Bees, Butterflies
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?

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