Europe - The Best Plants to Grow in Your Garden
Selecting plants in Europe requires an understanding of the specific climate, weather patterns, and hardiness zone of your area. Europe’s climate spans from the Arctic to the Mediterranean. Thus, plants suited for a Scandinavian garden may not thrive in a Greek one, and vice versa.
- Hardiness Zone: Determine your hardiness zone. This system, based on the average lowest winter temperature, guides you in choosing plants that can survive in your region’s conditions.
- Climate: Coastal areas with maritime climate may support different species than those of continental climates with more significant temperature swings.
- Weather Patterns: Pay attention to the frequency of rainfall, heat waves, frosts, and heavy snow. Some plants can tolerate occasional frosts but not prolonged freezing temperatures, while others require ample water or prefer arid conditions.
- Native Plants: Choosing native plants can be beneficial, as they are adapted to local conditions, often require less maintenance, and support local wildlife.
- Invasive Species: Avoid plant species known to be invasive in your area. They can outcompete native plants, disrupt ecosystems, and be hard to control.