Regions / Montana
Selecting plants suited to the climate of Montana is a key step to success.
A plant's performance is governed by many climate-related factors, including the length of the growing season, the amount of rainfall, winter lows, summer highs, wind, or humidity. Various initiatives have taken place to determine how well plants would withstand the cold winter temperatures (Plant Hardiness Zones) or when plants would start suffering from the heat (Plant Heat Zones). A more sophisticated approach has been followed by Sunset, which defines Climate Zone Maps based not only on hardiness or heat tolerance but also on precipitations, wind, humidity, and various other climate-related factors.
Montana belongs to Climate Zone 1. If you know your climate zone, find the best plants or exciting garden ideas for your geographic area.
Abies balsamea (Hudsonia Group) 'Nana' (Balsam Fir)
Highly popular, Abies balsamea ‘Nana’ is a dwarf, aromatic, evergreen conifer of globose habit, forming a broad mound with numerous short branches, adorned with a lush foliage of dark green needles radially arranged around the stems. Slow-growing, 2-3 in. per year (5-7 cm), this Balsam Fir is a great choice for small gardens or rockeries. Perfect for adding year-round color to the garden.
Abies grandis (Grand Fir)
One of the tallest firs in the world, Abies grandis (Grand Fir) is a large evergreen conifer of narrow, conical habit becoming round-topped or straggly with age. Its spreading and drooping branches are densely clad with sharp-tipped needles, shiny dark green above with two silver bands beneath. The needles are arranged in 2 distinct, flattened rows. They exude an orange aroma when crushed.
Abies lasiocarpa 'Green Globe' (Alpine Fir)
Abies lasiocarpa ‘Green Globe’ is a semi-dwarf, evergreen conifer of globose habit when young, becoming conical over time, and clothed in a lush foliage of short, soft, green needles. Slow-growing, 3-6 in. per year (7-15 cm), this Alpine Fir is a great choice for foundation plantings or rockeries.
Abies nordmanniana 'Golden Spreader' (Caucasian Fir)
Stately and elegant, Abies nordmaniana 'Golden Spreader' is a slow-growing evergreen conifer of great beauty, particularly in the winter garden. While this dwarf Nordman fir sports a soft green color in summer and fall, its needles turn bright golden-yellow in winter.
Acer ginnala (Amur Maple)
Prized for its small size, fragrant flowers, and attractive fall foliage, Acer ginnala (Amur Maple) is a bushy deciduous shrub or small tree, often with a multi-stemmed trunk and rounded crown.
Acer negundo 'Variegatum' (Variegated Box Elder)
Noted for its spectacular variegated foliage, Acer negundo 'Variegatum' (Variegated Box Elder) is a large deciduous tree of upright habit with a luminous rounded canopy. The pinnately compound leaves are composed of 3-7 leaflets in a lovely combination of green and creamy-white.
Acer negundo (Box Elder)
Hardy and fast-growing, Acer negundo (Box Elder) is a suckering, vigorous, deciduous tree of upright habit with an irregular rounded canopy of widely spreading branches. The opposite, pinnately compound, light green leaves are composed of 3-7 leaflets, 6-15 in. long (15-37 cm), which turn a dull yellow in the fall.
Acer platanoides 'Crimson King' (Norway Maple)
Majestic, award-winner Acer platanoides 'Crimson King' (Norway Maple) is a vigorous medium-sized deciduous tree prized for its large, rich purplish-crimson leaves that last throughout the summer and its purple fruits. Its oval to rounded, dense crown fills with ornamental clusters of reddish-orange flowers in the spring, just as the leaves emerge. They give way to purple samaras. In the fall, the leaves turn brown, dark maroon or bronze before dropping. Excellent as a shade tree or specimen to add accent to the landscape.
Acer platanoides (Norway Maple)
Noted for its spectacular fall color, Acer platanoides (Norway Maple) is a large, deciduous tree with a slender trunk and a dense, rounded crown. Its foliage of sharply pointed five-lobed leaves, 7 in. (17 cm) ranges from medium to dark green in summer, and changes to a brilliant palette of yellows, oranges, and browns in the fall.
Acer pseudoplatanus 'Brilliantissimum' (Sycamore Maple)
Prized for its shrimp pink, foliage, award-winning Acer pseudoplatanus 'Brilliantissimum' (Sycamore Maple) is a slow-growing, spreading, deciduous tree with a rounded crown. Emerging salmon pink in spring, the simple, opposite leaves gradually then turn yellow-green and finally dark green, mottled with cream in summer. This Sycamore Maple requires consistently cooler climates.
Acer rubrum (Red Maple)
Noted for its lovely fall color, Acer rubrum (Red Maple) is a relatively fast-growing deciduous tree of pyramidal habit when young, becoming rounded to oval at maturity. In early spring, tiny red flowers, borne in erect clusters, appear before the leaves and are followed by red fruit. Emerging red tinged in spring, the leaves change to dark green with whitish undersides and often develop dazzling yellows and red in the fall. This Red Maple also provides some winter interest, with its attractive, smooth gray bark, often ridged and furrowed with age.
Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple)
Noted for its spectacular fall color, Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple) is a large, deciduous tree with a straight trunk, wide-spreading branches and a dense, oval to rounded crown. Its foliage of five-lobed leaves, 3-6 in. (7-15 cm) ranges from medium to dark green in summer, and changes to a brilliant palette of yellows, oranges, and reds in the fall.
Acer x freemanii 'Autumn Blaze' (Freeman Maple)
Highly popular, award-winning Acer x freemanii 'Autumn Blaze' (Freeman Maple) is a fast-growing, large deciduous tree noted for its ascending branch habit and glorious fall color. Its dense, oval to rounded canopy of deeply cut, bright green leaves, turns brilliant orange-scarlet to crimson-red in fall. The delicate foliage holds its color for several weeks before shedding to the ground. This Freeman Maple also provides some winter interest, with its smooth, thin, gray bark that becomes slightly furrowed with age.
Achillea 'Coronation Gold'
Performs like a star! Achillea 'Coronation Gold' is a spectacular yarrow that is extremely easy to grow and provides outstanding results even if neglected.
Achillea 'Fanal' or 'The Beacon' (Yarrow)
Weeks of rich red blossoms! If you are looking for abundant blooms in shades of crimson for weeks of summer color, Achillea 'Fanal' previously known as 'The Beacon' is what you need.