Belgium - The Best Plants to Grow in Your Garden
Belgium is situated in the maritime temperate zone, and the Atlantic Ocean heavily influences its climate. As such, the country experiences relatively mild winters, cool summers, and rainfall throughout the year. The country generally falls within USDA hardiness zones 8.
The coastal areas of Belgium experience a maritime climate with temperatures moderated by the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. This region receives ample rainfall year-round, with no dry season, and cooler summer temperatures.
In contrast, the inland parts of the country have a more continental climate, with more substantial seasonal temperature contrasts. Winters can be colder with occasional snow, and summers are typically warmer.
Belgian gardens often feature hardy perennials, roses, bulbs, and flowering shrubs due to the country’s temperate climate. For instance, Camellias, Rhododendrons, and Azaleas are popular because of their preference for cool, humid environments. Roses are another great choice for Belgian gardens, along with perennial favorites like hostas, peonies, and daylilies. Hardy bulbs such as tulips, daffodils, and hyacinths are well-suited for planting in fall for a brilliant spring display.
Belgium is also known for its woodland gardens, so shade-loving plants like ferns and anemones can be excellent choices. Additionally, Belgium’s cool summers make it a great place for growing a variety of vegetables, especially root vegetables and leafy greens.