Alphabetical Plant Listing

Hardiness Zones / 3


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Zone 3

Hardiness zone 3: lowest average temperatures of -40°F to -30°F or -40°C to -34.4°C

Based on the minimum ten-year average winter temperatures, plant hardiness zones maps have been progressively developed, first by the Department of Agriculture (USDA) for the United States and then more or less applied to the rest of the planet. The purpose of these hardiness zones is to identify how well plants will withstand the cold winter temperatures of these zones. The USDA Hardiness Zone Map divides North America into 13 zones. The range of minimum average temperatures for zone 3 is between -40°F and -30°F or -40°C and -34.4°C. If you are planning to buy a shrub, perennial or tree, you need to make sure that this new plant will tolerate year-round conditions in your area. Therefore, to ensure your new acquisition will survive and grow year after year, you will need to compare the hardiness zone of your area with the hardiness zone of your plant.

Zone 3 Guides


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Abelmoschus esculentus (Okra)

Grown for its edible fruit, Abelmoschus esculentus (Okra) is an annual boasting hibiscus-like flowers, 2-3 in. across (5-7 cm), in shades of yellow, pink, orange and red with contrasting centers. Blooming freely throughout the growing season, the blossoms give way to fruit capsules that can be used fresh or dried, and can also be cooked on their own or added to soups or stews.

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Abies balsamea (Hudsonia Group) 'Nana' (Balsam Fir)

Highly popular, Abies balsamea ‘Nana’ is a dwarf, aromatic, evergreen conifer of globose habit forming a broad mound with numerous short branches, adorned with a lush foliage of dark green needles radially arranged around the stems. Slow-growing, 2-3 in. per year (5-7 cm), this Balsam Fir is a great choice for small gardens or rockeries. Perfect for adding year-round color to the garden.

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Acer platanoides 'Crimson King' (Norway Maple)

Majestic, award-winner Acer platanoides 'Crimson King' (Norway Maple) is a vigorous medium-sized deciduous tree prized for its large, rich purplish-crimson leaves that last throughout the summer and its purple fruits. Its oval to rounded, dense crown fills with ornamental clusters of reddish-orange flowers in the spring, just as the leaves emerge. They give way to purple samaras. In the fall, the leaves turn brown, dark maroon or bronze before dropping. Excellent as a shade tree or specimen to add accent to the landscape.

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Acer rubrum (Red Maple)

Noted for its lovely fall color, Acer rubrum (Red Maple) is a relatively fast-growing deciduous tree of pyramidal habit when young, becoming rounded to oval at maturity. In early spring, tiny red flowers, borne in erect clusters, appear before the leaves and are followed by red fruit. Emerging red tinged in spring, the leaves change to dark green with whitish undersides and often develop dazzling yellows and red in the fall. This Red Maple also provides some winter interest, with its attractive, smooth gray bark, often ridged and furrowed with age.

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Acer x freemanii 'Autumn Blaze' (Freeman Maple)

Highly popular, award-winning Acer x freemanii 'Autumn Blaze' (Freeman Maple) is a fast-growing, large deciduous tree noted for its ascending branch habit and glorious fall color. Its dense, oval to rounded canopy of deeply cut, bright green leaves, turns brilliant orange-scarlet to crimson-red in fall. The delicate foliage holds its color for several weeks before shedding to the ground. This Freeman Maple also provides some winter interest, with its smooth, thin, gray bark that becomes slightly furrowed with age.

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Achillea 'Coronation Gold'

Performs like a star! Achillea 'Coronation Gold' is a spectacular yarrow that is extremely easy to grow and provides outstanding results even if neglected.

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Achillea 'Fanal' or 'The Beacon' (Yarrow)

Weeks of rich red blossoms! If you are looking for abundant blooms in shades of crimson for weeks of summer color, Achillea 'Fanal' previously known as 'The Beacon' is what you need.

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Achillea 'Feuerland' (Yarrow)

Presenting a mosaic of warm colors with its flowers of various ages, Achillea 'Feuerland' is a compact and gorgeous Yarrow with masses of long-lasting clusters of blood red flowers delicately fading to soft gold as they mature. Its pleasantly aromatic, semi-evergreen, gray-green fern-like foliage is disease resistant and nicely compliments the cheerful flat umbel flowers. This Achillea is perfect for both the cool or warm borders.

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Achillea 'Inca Gold' (Yarrow)

Achillea 'Inca Gold' has become a favorite of designers with its masses of long-lasting clusters of vibrant orange flowers delicately fading to gold bronze as they mature.

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Achillea 'Moonshine'

Evergreen, award-winning Achillea 'Moonshine' is highly prized by gardeners for its pleasantly aromatic, silver-green feathery foliage and its long-lasting, conspicuous, bright lemon-yellow flat umbel flowers. Vital ingredient of herbaceous borders, cottage gardens, meadows or prairies, this Yarrow typically blooms for weeks from late spring to late summer in a beautiful color display. Easy care, drought, heat, humidity, deer and rabbit tolerant.

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Achillea 'Terracotta' (Yarrow)

Presenting a mosaic of warm colors with its flowers of various ages, Achillea 'Terracotta' is a gorgeous Yarrow with masses of long-lasting clusters of peachy yellow flowers fading to a straw color. Its pleasantly aromatic, semi-evergreen, green-gray fern-like foliage is disease resistant and nicely compliments the cheerful flat umbel flowers

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Achillea 'Walther Funcke' (Yarrow)

Presenting a mosaic of warm colors with its flowers of various ages, Achillea 'Walther Funcke' is a strong, sturdy and gorgeous Yarrow with masses of long-lasting clusters of brick-red flowers fading to terracotta then creamy yellow. Its pleasantly aromatic, semi-evergreen, green-gray fern-like foliage is disease resistant and nicely compliments the cheerful flat umbel flowers.

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Achillea filipendulina 'Gold Plate' (Yarrow)

One of the tallest Yarrows, award-winner Achillea filipendulina 'Gold Plate' exhibits masses of long-lasting, impressive golden yellow umbels, up to 6 in. wide (15 cm), atop a very attractive fern-like semi-evergreen foliage which has a spicy aroma when crushed.

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Achillea millefolium 'Apricot Delight' (Yarrow)

A unique color! Good-looking, compact, bushy and heat loving, Achillea millefolium 'Apricot Delight' is a stunning Yarrow with its masses of long-lasting flower clusters in various shades of pink, from palest apricot to near red.

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Achillea millefolium 'Cerise Queen' (Yarrow)

Weeks of cheerful blossoms! If you are looking for abundant blooms in shades of magenta for weeks of summer color, Achillea millefolium 'Cerise Queen' is what you need.

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