Alphabetical Plant Listing

Juniperus communis (Common Juniper)

Common Juniper, Juniper, Juniperus intermedia


Possibly the most widely distributed tree in the world, Juniperus communis (Common Juniper) is an evergreen shrub or columnar tree. In North America, it most often grows as a low mat-forming shrub reaching up to 5 ft. in height (150 cm) and 7-13 ft. across (210-390 cm). In parts of New England, Common Juniper occasionally grows up to 25 ft. (750 cm) in height, and it is commonly a tree in Europe. The aromatic, prickly, needle-like, gray-green leaves are arranged in whorls of 3. Unlike most junipers, whose leaves turn scale-like at maturity, Common Juniper leaves remain needle-like throughout the shrub's life. Common Juniper is dioecious, with separate male plants and female plants. Small yellow spring flowers give way on female plants to small, berry-like cones, ripening to a waxy dark blue to black color in fall. Juniper berries are food for wildlife, especially many species of birds and mammals. They are used to flavor gin, a liquor developed in the 17th century in the Netherlands. Noted for its superior tolerance for cold temperatures, Common Juniper can live for more than 170 years. Highly valued as an ornamental, it was first cultivated in 1560. Today, it is widely grown and provides good ground cover even on stony or sandy sites.

  • Grows up to 5-25 ft. tall (150-750 cm) and 3-12 ft. wide (90-360 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun in any well-drained soils. Tolerates a wide range of soils including poor soils. Drought tolerant once established.
  • Low maintenance, no pruning required.
  • Keep an eye out for juniper blight, cedar apple rust, wilt, mites, borers, scale, midges and bagworms.
  • Propagate by seed or semi-hardwood cuttings.
  • Foliage may cause skin irritation.
  • Native to North America, Europe, northern Asia and Japan.

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Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 6
Heat Zones 1 – 6
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Conifers, Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Juniperus - Junipers
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 5' – 25' (150cm – 7.5m)
Spread 3' – 12' (90cm – 3.6m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United Kingdom, United States, Alaska, California, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil
Attracts Birds
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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simona pavan, Beekeepx, Shutterstock

 

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 6
Heat Zones 1 – 6
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Conifers, Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Juniperus - Junipers
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 5' – 25' (150cm – 7.5m)
Spread 3' – 12' (90cm – 3.6m)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United Kingdom, United States, Alaska, California, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil
Attracts Birds
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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