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Viburnum prunifolium (Blackhaw)

Blackhaw, Smooth Blackhaw, Blackhaw Viburnum, Smooth Blackhaw Viburnum, Stagbush, Viburnum bushii, Viburnum prunifolium var. bushii, Viburnum prunifolium var. globosum

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Viburnum prunifolium,Blackhaw, Smooth Blackhaw, Blackhaw Viburnum, Smooth Blackhaw Viburnum, Stagbush, Viburnum bushii, Fragrant Shrub, Shrub with fall color, fall color, shrub with berries
Viburnum prunifolium,Blackhaw, Smooth Blackhaw, Blackhaw Viburnum, Smooth Blackhaw Viburnum, Stagbush, Viburnum bushii, Fragrant Shrub, Shrub with fall color, fall color, shrub with berries

Very ornamental, Viburnum prunifolium (Blackhaw) is a large, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub or small tree noted for its eye-catching flower clusters, colorful berries, and attractive fall color. In spring, masses of flat-topped creamy-white flower clusters, 4.5 in. wide (11 cm), are elegantly held above the foliage. Rich in nectar, they are loved by butterflies, bees, and other pollinators. The blooms give way to pink-rose berries, borne in dense clusters, that ripen to blue-black in the fall. Showy when viewed up close or from a short distance, they often persist into winter and are quite attractive to birds and wildlife. Tasty, the fruits can be eaten fresh from the shrub or used to make jams and preserves. Resembling plum leaves, the handsome foliage of ovate, glossy dark green leaves turns rich bronze to vibrant red in fall. A very rewarding shrub that is not only good-looking but also durable and pest free.

  • Slowly grows up with an upright rounded, spreading, or irregular habit to 12-15 ft. tall (360-450 cm) and 6-12 ft. wide (180-360 cm). It may be grown as a small tree up to 30 ft. high (9 m).
  • Winner of the GreatPlants award, which is a joint effort between the Nebraska Nursery, Landscape Association, and the Nebraska Statewide Arboretum.
  • A full sun or part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in average, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils. Adaptable to poor soils, compacted soils, moist soils, dry soils, moderate heat, and pollution. For best flower and fruit production, provide at least one-half day of sunlight. Drought and clay soil tolerant.
  • Perfect as a specimen plant or in shrub borders, striking hedges and screens, and foundation plantings.
  • Attractive to birds and butterflies.
  • Low maintenance, this plant has no serious insect or disease problems.
  • Prune as required immediately after flowering.
  • Native to eastern and central North America.

Viburnum: How to Grow and Care with Success


Want to learn how to grow and care for Viburnum like a pro? Follow these simple steps and enjoy the beauty of these striking shrubs.

Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 9
Heat Zones 1 - 9
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Adoxaceae
Genus Viburnum
Common names Viburnum, Blackhaw Viburnum
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 12' - 15'
(3.7m - 4.6m)
Spread 6' - 12'
(180cm - 3.7m)
Spacing 72" - 144"
(180cm - 3.7m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy
Native Plants United States, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware, Connecticut, Southeast, Southwest, Midwest, Northeast, Missouri, Wisconsin, Ohio, Michigan, Iowa, Kansas, Indiana, Illinois, North Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia, South Carolina, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, Kentucky, Georgia, Arkansas, Alabama, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil, Clay Soil
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Hedges And Screens
Garden Styles Traditional Garden, Informal and Cottage
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Viburnum opulus ‘Nanum’ (European Cranberrybush)
Viburnum odoratissimum (Sweet Viburnum)
Viburnum farreri (Farrer Viburnum)
Viburnum setigerum (Tea Viburnum)
Viburnum ‘Pragense’ (Prague Viburnum)
Viburnum macrocephalum (Chinese Snowball Viburnum)

Recommended Companion Plants

Phlox stolonifera (Creeping Phlox)
Kalmia latifolia (Mountain Laurel)
Hamamelis (Witch Hazel)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

Small Trees and Shrubs That Attract Birds
Pure White Flowers for a Touch of Elegance in Your Garden
Choosing Your Ideal Hedge: A Guide to Top Shrubs for Any Garden
Add a Splash of Color: Perfect Flowering Shrubs for Small Gardens
35 Flowering Shrubs That Thrive in Full Sun
40 Beautiful Native Shrubs for Shade
Viburnum – What Is Wrong With My Shrub?
Viburnum – Pests and Diseases to Watch Out For
Viburnum: How to Grow and Care with Success
10 Creative Ways to Incorporate Viburnum in Your Garden
Why You Should Avoid Growing Invasive Viburnums
Native Viburnums: Ideal Shrubs for Your Garden
Viburnum
Create a Garden with Great Winter Interest
Shrubs and Trees with Colorful Fruits and Berries in Winter
Native Plant Alternatives to Viburnum opulus (European Cranberrybush)
Native Plant Alternatives to Viburnum plicatum (Japanese Snowball)
Native Plant Alternatives to Viburnum dilatatum (Linden Viburnum)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 9
Heat Zones 1 - 9
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Adoxaceae
Genus Viburnum
Common names Viburnum, Blackhaw Viburnum
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 12' - 15'
(3.7m - 4.6m)
Spread 6' - 12'
(180cm - 3.7m)
Spacing 72" - 144"
(180cm - 3.7m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy
Native Plants United States, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware, Connecticut, Southeast, Southwest, Midwest, Northeast, Missouri, Wisconsin, Ohio, Michigan, Iowa, Kansas, Indiana, Illinois, North Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia, South Carolina, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, Kentucky, Georgia, Arkansas, Alabama, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil, Clay Soil
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Hedges And Screens
Garden Styles Traditional Garden, Informal and Cottage
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Guides with
Viburnum
Not sure which Viburnum to pick?
Compare Now

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