Tough and fast growing, Rosa canina (Dog Rose) is a vigorous, scrambling, deciduous shrub with multiple arching stems covered with stout, curved thorns and pinnately divided, serrated, mid-green leaves. In late spring to midsummer, lightly scented, pink-flushed, white flowers, 2 in. across (5 cm), are produced at the end of the branches, either solitary or in small clusters. They are followed by abundant, glossy, bright red fruits that persist for several months - unless hungry birds happily feast on them. Tolerant and undemanding, Dog Rose is a lovely addition to a wildlife garden and makes an informal and impenetrable hedge, thanks to its prickly stems.
- Grows up to 3-15 ft. tall and wide (90-450 cm). Rosa canina reproduces sexually by seed, and vegetatively by suckering and layering.
- Best grown in full sun, in humus-rich, moist, well-drained soils. Tolerant of poor soils. For best flowering, apply a balanced fertilizer and mulch in late winter or early spring.
- Perfect for cottage gardens, wildflower meadows.
- Watch for rose rust and powdery mildews. May be affected by aphids, leafhoppers, glasshouse red spider mite, scale insects, caterpillars and rose leaf-rolling sawfly
- Attractive to pollinating insects, butterflies and birds
- Propagate by hardwood cuttings in autumn.
- Native to Europe, North Africa, Southwestern Asia. Planted in landscaped settings in the U.S. and Canada, this Eurasian species has escaped cultivated gardens and become problematic in natural areas. Areas invaded with Dog Roses can become dominated by the plant, resulting in a decline in native plant species and other desirable vegetation. Gardeners should consider its invasive nature before planting.