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Aesculus glabra (Ohio Buckeye)

Ohio Buckeye, Texas Buckeye, Fetid Buckeye, Horse Chestnut

Aesculus glabra, Ohio Buckeye, Yellow Flowers, Texas Buckeye, Fetid Buckeye, Horse Chestnut
Aesculus glabra, Ohio Buckeye, Yellow Flowers, Texas Buckeye, Fetid Buckeye, Horse Chestnut
Aesculus glabra, Ohio Buckeye, Yellow Flowers, Texas Buckeye, Fetid Buckeye, Horse Chestnut

Aesculus glabra (Ohio Buckeye) is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree of rounded habit with a dense canopy of dark green leaves adorned with 5-7 leaflets. Its low, sweeping branches bend toward the ground and then arch back up, creating a rounded outline. In mid to late spring, greenish-yellow flowers are borne in 4-7 in. panicles (10-17 cm) but are often almost lost among the leaves. They are quite attractive to bees and hummingbirds. The flowers give way to prickly, dehiscent capsules that contain the shiny, rich brown seeds known as buckeyes. The foliage is usually golden-yellow in the fall, but it may change to pumpkin-orange as it is variable from tree to tree. Twigs and leaves often have a slightly unpleasant odor when crushed. A beautiful landscape tree for parks and large lawns. It may be planted as a shade tree. Ohio is known as the Buckeye State and has adopted the buckeye as its State Tree.

  • Grows up to 20-40 ft. tall and wide (6-12 m).
  • Thrives in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun or part shade. Prefers moist, fertile soils.
  • Keep an eye out for canker, coral spot, leaf spot, and horse chestnut scale.
  • Propagate by seed or grafting
  • Ingestion may cause severe discomfort.
  • Toxic to dogs, toxic to cats, toxic to horses.
  • Native to the southern United States.
  • Find where this species is invasive in the United States.

Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 7
Heat Zones 1 - 7
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Sapindaceae
Genus Aesculus
Common names Horse Chestnut, Ohio Buckeye, Chestnut, Buckeye
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 20' - 40'
(6.1m - 12.2m)
Spread 20' - 40'
(6.1m - 12.2m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maine, Southeast, Southwest, Midwest, Northeast, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Illinois, Ohio, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Michigan, Arkansas, Alabama, Kentucky, West Virginia, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee, Oklahoma, Texas, Wyoming
Attracts Bees, Hummingbirds
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Aesculus hippocastanum (Horse Chestnut)
Aesculus californica (California Buckeye)
Aesculus x neglecta ‘Erythroblastos’ (Painted Buckeye)
Aesculus flava (Yellow Buckeye)
Aesculus pavia (Red Buckeye)
Aesculus x carnea (Red Horsechestnut)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 7
Heat Zones 1 - 7
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Sapindaceae
Genus Aesculus
Common names Horse Chestnut, Ohio Buckeye, Chestnut, Buckeye
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 20' - 40'
(6.1m - 12.2m)
Spread 20' - 40'
(6.1m - 12.2m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maine, Southeast, Southwest, Midwest, Northeast, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Illinois, Ohio, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Michigan, Arkansas, Alabama, Kentucky, West Virginia, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee, Oklahoma, Texas, Wyoming
Attracts Bees, Hummingbirds
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Not sure which Aesculus (Buckeye) to pick?
Compare Now

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