Alphabetical Plant Listing

Aesculus glabra (Ohio Buckeye)

Ohio Buckeye, Texas Buckeye, Fetid Buckeye, Horse Chestnut


Aesculus glabra (Ohio Buckeye) is a small to medium sized deciduous tree of rounded habit with a dense canopy of dark green leaves adorned with 5-7 leaflets. Its low, sweeping branches bend toward the ground then arch back up, creating a rounded outline. In mid to late spring, greenish yellow flowers are borne in 4-7 in. panicles (10-17 cm) but are often almost lost among the leaves. They are quite attractive to bees and hummingbirds. The flowers give way to prickly, dehiscent capsules that contain the shiny, rich brown seeds known as buckeyes. The foliage is usually golden-yellow in the fall but it may change to pumpkin-orange as it is variable from tree to tree. Twigs and leaves often have a slightly unpleasant odor when crushed. A beautiful landscape tree for parks and large lawns. It may be planted as a shade tree. Ohio is known as the Buckeye State and has adopted the buckeye as its State Tree.

  • Grows up to 20-40 ft. tall and wide (6-12 m).
  • Thrives in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun or part shade. Prefers moist, fertile soils.
  • Keep an eye out for canker, coral spot, leaf spot and horse chestnut scale.
  • Propagate by seed or grafting
  • Ingestion may cause severe discomfort
  • Native to the southern United States.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 7
Heat Zones 1 – 7
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Aesculus
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 20' – 40' (6m – 12m)
Spread 20' – 40' (6m – 12m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, Tennessee, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Attracts Hummingbirds
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

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Botanik Foto, Bulano, Peter Turner Photography, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 7
Heat Zones 1 – 7
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Aesculus
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 20' – 40' (6m – 12m)
Spread 20' – 40' (6m – 12m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, Tennessee, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Attracts Hummingbirds
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Aesculus

Guides with Aesculus

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